Contents in this Post
- Watermelons Farming
- Watermelon Farming
• Watermelons Farming requires lots of space, lots of sun, lots of water and lots of nutrients. They are greedy, rambling vines, like all plants in the cucurbiteae family like pumpkin, cucumbers.Watermelons Farming stay in warmer climates, you can direct sow seeds outdoors, but wait until the soil temperature warms to at least 70 degrees to avoid poor germination. It is an excellent desert fruit and their juices contain 92% water along with proteins, minerals and carbohydrates.
1. Grown Areas In India:-
• In India it is generally Watermelon Farming in Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Panjab, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Telangana and Uttar Pradesh.
2. Nutritive and Medical Value:-
• In Watermelon amount per 100 grams are 13% of Vitamin C, 3% of Potassium, 11% of Vitamin A, 2% of Magnesium, 0.6 grams of Protein, 0.2 grams Fat, and 92% of water.
• It is useful for heart health, bone health and prostate cancer prevention.
• It’s also a powerful antioxidant thought to have anti-inflammatory properties, according to Victoria Jarzabkowski, a nutritionist with the Fitness Institute of Texas at the University of Texas at Austin.
• Reducing inflammation isn’t just good for people suffering from arthritis.
• Watermelons help with overall hydration, and that is a great thing for people.
• The land is brought to fine tilth by giving two crosswise ploughing.
• For Watermelon Farming different methods of planting like furrow method, Pit method and Hill method can be use depending upon climate and season.
4. Varieties of Watermelon in India:
• Sweet Orange varieties cultivated in different states of India are Asahi Yamato, Sugar Baby, Arka Jyoti, Arka Manik, Pau, Durgapura Meetha and Durgapura Kesar.
5. Growing Requirement:
• Watermelon Farming is a warm season crop grown mainly in sub-tropical and hot-arid regions.
• The crop requires dry weather with abundant sunshine for quality fruit production.
• Watermelons are susceptible to light frost and are provided with partial protection if grown during winter months.
• Temperature range of 20-30c is considered as optimum for the growth of the vines.
• Cool nights and warm days are ideal for accumulation of sugars in the fruits.
• The seed germinates best when temperatures are higher than 18 C.
• High Humidity at the time of vegetative growth renders the crop susceptible to various fungal diseases.
6. Suitable soil/Land Preparation:
• Watermelons can be grown on well-drain sandy to sandy loam, medium black soils rich in organic matter.
• Alluvial soil along the river beds is also good for production of watermelons.
• The soil should be at least 18 C for them to germinate.
• Plough land and bring to fine tilts.
• Watermelon can be direct seed on transplant in nursery and then transplante to main field.
• Watermelons prefer a soil ph between 6 and 6.8.
7. Best Planting season:
• In North India it is sown during middle of January to March and in November to December.
• In West India sowing is done during November to January.
8. Spacing Between Plants:
• Spacing between Plants are should be depends on which method is used.
• In Furrow Method, Sow 3-4 seeds at a time and keep plant to plant distance of 60-90cm.
• In Pit Method, Sow 4 seeds in Pit. For that make pit of 60*60*60 cm at distance of 2-3.5m between two rows and 0.6-1.2m between plants. Fill pit with well decompose cow dung and soil. After germination keep only one seedling.
• In Hill Method is similar to Pit method. But In This pit of 30*30*30 cm pits are made at distance of 1-1.5m.Two seeds are sown per hill.
• Sowing Depth of plant seed is 2-3cm deep.
9. Fertilizers and Nutrition requirements:
• The fertilizer doses to be apply on variety, fertility of soil, climate and season of planting.
• Generally well decompose is mix with the soil during ploughing.
• The recommend dose of fertilizer to be applied per hectare is 100 kg N, 50 kg P O and 50 kg K O.
• Half the 2 5 2 N and entire P and K should be apply before planting.
• The balance N is given 30-35 days after planting.
• The fertilizer is apply in a ring 6-7 cm from the base of the stem.
• It is better to complete all the fertilizer applications just before the fruit set.
• For increasing the percentage of female flowers, NAA 100 ppm is spray once at two-leaf stage and the same is repeat after 6-7 days.
10. Water supply/Irrigation in Watermelon Farming :
• Irrigate the field before dibbling the seeds of watermelon and subsequent irrigation should be given once a week.
• Irrigation should be given at regular intervals of time.
• In spring-summer crop, frequency of irrigation is very important as water stress during fruit development leads to fruit cracking.
• Irrigation after a long dry spell results in cracking of watermelon fruits.
• In case of water problems occurs areas, drip irrigation would be use.
• Drip irrigation system with main and sub-main pipes and place the inline lateral tubes at an interval of 1.5 meter.
• Place the drippers in lateral tubes at an interval of 60 to 50 cm spacing with 4 LPH and 3.5 LPH capacities respectively.
• Watermelons can be profitably grown in the inter-spaces of newly plant orchards during the initial years provide there are sufficient irrigation facilities.
• This intercropping can provide some extra revenue.
13. Storage/Harvest Watermelon Farming:
• Watermelon Farming crop will become ready for harvesting in about 80 to 100 days after sowing depending on the cultivar and season.
• Generally, maturity of watermelon can be judged from withering of tendril, ground spot to yellow and thumping test or change in belly colour.
• The watermelon fruits should be separate from the vines with the help of a sharp knife.
• Watermelons can be stored uncut for about 10 days.
• If cut, they can last in the refrigerator for about 4 days. Wrap tightly in plastic.
• Watermelons are grade according to their size and shape and quality for local market supply.
• For short term storage or transit to distant markets greater than seven days, watermelons can be stor at 7 C with 85 to 90 humidity.