The Botanical Gardens information

By | June 4, 2018
  • Botanical gardens activities that are use for plant conservation.
  • Horticulture and cultivation skills allow us to grow plants that might be lost in nature, which means that species diversity can be conserve in the gardens. But also allows us to consider restoration and rehabilitation of degrade habitats.
  • There are now estimating to be 1775 botanic gardens in 148 countries around the world with many more under construction.

The Botanical Gardens

  • Therefore the world’s first botanic gardens were the physic gardens of Italy in the 16th and 17th centuries.
  • The first of these physic gardens was the garden of the University of Pisa which was create by Luca Ghini in 1543.
  • A botanical name is a formal scientific name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) and, if it concerns a plant cultigens.
  • The additional cultivar or Group epithets must conform to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP).
  • The Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden (previously known as Indian Botanic Garden) is situating in Shibpur, Howrah near Kolkata.
  • They are commonly known as the Calcutta Botanical Garden, and previously as the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta.

The Botanical gardens

Botanical garden

  • Botanical gardens also called botanic gardens, originally, a collection of living plants design chiefly to illustrate relationships within plant
  • In modern times, most botanical gardens are concern primarily with exhibiting ornamental plants; insofar as possible in a scheme that emphasizes natural relationships.
  • Thus, the two functions are blended: eye appeal and taxonomic order.
  • Plants that were once of medicinal value and extremely important in early botanical gardens are now chiefly of historical interest and are not particularly represent in contemporary collections.
  • A display garden that concentrates on woody plants is often referring to as an arboretum.
  • It may be a collection in its own right or a part of a botanical garden.
  • Plant collections in such gardens vary in number from a few hundred to several thousand different kinds, depending on the land area available and the financial and scholarly resources of the institution.
  • Plant collections in such gardens vary in number from a few hundred to several thousand different kinds, depending on the land area available and the financial and scholarly resources of the institution.
  • There is a wide variety in the size and types of botanic garden, in all regions of the world, working together in networks to share information and expertise.

Impotents of Botanical Garden

  • These four roles, in particular, will give you further reason to support them and their initiatives.
  1. Ex-situ Conservation

  • Conservation can come in many forms. There are two ways of categorizing conservation efforts by institutions like botanical gardens, ex-situ and in-situ.
  • Ex-situ conservation involves the preservation of biological diversity outside of the natural habitat.
  • An example of this at the botanic garden I visited is a seed bank. Which is where they store and conserve seeds from all kinds of plant species
  • Whether it’s due to human-induced factors like GMO or natural mechanisms like cross-pollination, the genetic diversity of plant species across the world.
  • It can be reduce over time due to such processes so having seed banks help with retaining the genetic profiles of imperil or rare plant species.
  1. In-situ Conservation

  • Not all conservation efforts happen within the confines of a garden.
  • In-situ conservation involves the preservation of biodiversity in the natural habitats.
  • As I was doing more research, I came across the Ecological Restoration Alliance.
  • A global consortium of botanic gardens with a mission to actively engage in ecological restoration.
  • This form of conservation is common in places like national parks and sanctuaries.
  1. Educational Activities
  • Turns out botanic gardens offer fun and interesting workshops and classes. Examples include photography classes, gardening workshops, landscape design workshops, and floral design classes.
  • Search online for your local botanic gardens and see what kind of workshops they offer. As a keen photographer, there is probably no better place for me to snap nature photography than at a botanic garden.
  1. Research & Development

  • Research is a core aspect of a botanic garden’s mission. As you may suspect, a lot of the research revolve around plant science. Growing our knowledge around studies like horticulture and taxonomy is important as the world continues to change.
  • As you can see, botanic gardens serve a number of important roles to not just the environment but to our community as well.

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