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- Strawberry Farming
- Strawberry Farming is an important fruit crop of India and its commercial production is possible in temperate and sub-tropical areas of the country.
- wide variation in climates within these regions and the wide adaptation of the strawberry plant permit harvesting and marketing, the fruit during greater part of the year.
- In India Strawberry Farming generally cultivate in the hills. Its main center of cultivate are Nainital and Dehradun in Uttar Pradesh, Banglore, Kashmir Valley, Mahabaleshwar and Kalimpong.
- Strawberry plant are grown throughout Europe, in every state of the United States, as well as in Canada and South America.
Nutritive and Medical Value:-
- It 1 cup fresh strawberrirs (166 grams) prevents 1 gram Protein, 23.24 milligrams Calcium, 0.63 milligrams Iron, 44.82 milligrams Potassium, 31.43 milligrams Phosphorus, 44.82 units Vitamin A, 94.12 milligrams Vitamin C.
- Also of note, It is helpful for Cancer, Blood pressure, Stroke, Heart disease, Diabetes, Pregnancy, Depression and incorporating strawberry jam into your diet.
How Can Grow…?
- Fill a 1 to 2 gallon container with native soil and place the acorn on its side. Cover the acorn with 1-2 inches of soil.
- Plant the acorn in soil at a depth of one and a half times the diameter of the acorn.
Varieties of Strawberry:
- May be its different in your country but it is a common in world.
- In Strawberry farming, the land for Strawberry planting should be thoroughly prepare by deep ploughing followed by harrowing.
- Strawberry can be plant on flat beds, in the from of hill rows or matte rows, or it can be plant on raise beds. In irrigate areas, planting on ridges is advise.
- In strawberry farming, planting distance varies according to variety & type of land. A spacing of 30 cm* 60 cm is usually follow. In the model scheme, a spacing of 30 cm * 30cm with a population of 22,000 plants per acre has been consider which was commonly observe in areas cover during a field study.
- The strawberry plants be set in the soil with their roots going straight down.
- The soil around the plant should be firmly pack to exclude air. The growing point of the plant should be just above the soil surface.
- During planting, the plants should not be allowed to dry out and should be irrigate immediately after planting.
Suitable soil/Land Preparation:
- Strawberry grown best in temperate climate. It is a short day plant, which requires exposure to about 10 days of less than 8 hours sunshine for initiation of flowering.
- In winter, the plants do not make any growth and remain dormant.
- From the standpoint of response to length of the light period, strawberries are placed in two groups. 1) varieties that develop flower buds during both long and short light periods, the overbearing varieties, and 2) varieties that develop flower buds during the short light periods only, most commercial varieties.
- Straw requires a well-drained medium loam soil ,rich in organic matter. The soil should be slightly acidic with ph from 5.7 to 6.5.
- At higher ph root formation is very poor. The presence of high calcium in the soil causes yellowing of the leaves.
- In light soils and in those rich in organic matter, runner formation is better.
- Strawberry should not be cultivate in the same land for a number of years. It is preferable to plant it is green manure.
Best Planting season:
- The ideal time of planting runners or crowns in hilly areas is September-October.
- If the planting is done too early, plants lack vigour and result in low yield and quality of fruits.
- If planting very late, runners develop in March and crops are light.
Spacing Between Plants:
- The type of strawberry determines plant spacing. It should be plant 18 to 24 inches apart in rows space 4 feed apart.
- Runners will develop and root freely to from a matte row about 2 feet wide.
- Ever bearing and day-neutral strawberries are typically plant in beds consisting of 2 to 3 rows.
Fertilizers and Nutrition requirements:
- A fertilizer dose of 20-25 tonnes farmyard manure, 75-100 kg. N, 40-120 kg. p205, 40-80 kg. k20/ha.
- It is apply according to soil type and variety plant.
- Strawberry being a shallow-root plant requires more frequent but less amount of water in each irrigation.
- Excessive irrigation results in growth of leaves and stolons at the expense of fruits & flowers and also increases the incidence of Botrytis rot.
- Since strawberry is relatively shallow-root, it is susceptible to conditions drought.
- Planting early in autumn allows the plants to make good vegetative growth before the onset of winter.
- However, in the case it is necessary to ensure that newly planted runners are irrigated frequently after planting, otherwise the mortality of the plants become high.
- During September and October, irrigation should be given twice a week if there is no rain. It may be reduce to weekly intervals during November.
- In December and January, Irrigation may be given once every fortnight.
- Inter-cropping is possible with fruit.
- Fruit is ready for harvesting 4-6 weeks after blossoming.
- Harvest only fully red(ripe) berries, and pick every three days.
- Cut by the stem; do not pull the berry.
- Harvest will last up to 3 weeks. You should have an abundance of berrirs, depending on the variety.
- Store unwash berries in the refrigerator for 3-5 days.
- Strawberries can be frozen whole for about 2 months.
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