Potato Farming Step By Step
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- Potato Farming Step By Step
- Potato has become a staple food in many parts of the world and an integral part of much of the world’s food supply.
- It is the world’s fourth-largest food crop, following maize, wheat, and rice.
- The green leaves and green skins of tubers exposed to the light are toxic.
- Potatoes are edible plant tubers first cultivate in the Andes. Spanish explorers brought the potato back to Europe from their South American expeditions in the early 16th
- In India cultivated in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Assam, Karnataka.
- Nutritional profile of potatoes One medium potato Contains: 164 Calories, 0.2 Grams of fat, O grams of cholesterol, 37 grams of carbohydrate, 4.7 grams of dietary fiber, 4.3 grams dietary fiber, 4.3 grams of protein.
- The same serving provides the following % of your daily requirements: 2% calcium, 51% vitamin C, 9% iron, 30% vitamin B6, 12% magnesium, 25% potassium.
How Can Grow…?
- Put a few inches of a soil-compost mixture in the bottom of a bag, then Plant three or four seed potato pieces and cover with three inches of soil.
- Continue adding soil as the plants grow until the bag is filled.
- To harvest, turn the bag on its side and dump out the contents.
Varieties of Potato Cultivated in India:
- Irish Cobber is an early Variety.
- Viking is a red-skinned potato, regular season variety.
- Chieftan is resistant to potato scab.
- Elba, Rosa, & Sebago are all somewhat resistant to blight.
- Potatoes thrive in well-drained, loose soil. Potatoes need consistent moisture, so water regularly when tubers start to form.
- Hilling should be done before the potato plants bloom, when the plant is about 6 inches tall. Hoe dirt up around the base of the plant in order to cover the root as well as to support the plant. Bury them in loose soil.
- Hilling keeps the potatoes form getting sunburned, which can cause them to turn green and produce a chemical called solanine. It gives off a bitter taste and is toxic, so do not eat green potatoes.
- You will need to hill potatoes every couple of weeks to protect your crop.
Suitable soil/Land Preparation:
- Potatoes will grow in just about any well-drained soil, but they dislike Soggy soil.
- Because They do all their growing underground, they can expand more easily in loose, loamy soil than in heavy, compacted, clay soil that plant roots from getting the air and water they need.
Best Planting season:
- Plant seed potatoes whole potato or a small whole potato, with at least 2 eyes per 0-2 weeks after last spring frost.
- You may start planting earlier, as soon as soil can be worked, but be aware that some crops will be ruined by a frost.
Spacing Between Plants:
- Field Growing This is conventional way most potatoes are grown.
- Generally, the seed potatoes are planted about 12 inches apart in rows that are spaced 2 to 3 feet apart.
- The seed pieces are planted about 1 inch deep, then covered with additional soil as the sprouts devlope.
Fertilizers and Nutrition requirements:
- Post-Planting Fertilizer. Organic Gardeners use a variety of fertilizer during the growing season after they plant seed potatoes.
- Using a mixture of cottonseed meal, bone meal and green sand increases the soil’s acidity and provides nitrogen, potassium and phosphorous.
- Solid Organic Fertilizer. Root crops don’t require heavy applications of nitrogen, because that will only develop a great crop of potato plants with poor tuber growth.
- Phosphorous and more important potassium is need to grow and maintain a good crop of spuds.
- Keep your potato vines well watered throughout the summer, especially during the period when the plants are flowering and immediately following the flowering stage.
- During this flowering period the plants are creating their tubers and a steady water supply is crucial to good crop outcome.
- Potatoes need consistent moisture, so water regularly when tubers start to from potatoes do well with 1-2 inches of water or rain per week.
- When the foliage turns yellow and begins to die back, discontinue watering.
- This will help start curing the potatoes for harvest time. Drip irrigation helps Indian farmers increase potato yield.
- Flea Beetles
- Leaf Hoppers
- Early/Late Blight
- Potato Scab most likely cause by a high soil PH. So do not plant in soil with a PH higher than 5.2.
- When you should harvest depends on what type of potato you have planted. Early-season potatoes take approximately 60-70 days to mature; mid season, approximately 80; and late- season, more than 90.
- For the biggest and best potatoes, harvest only after the plant’s foliage has died back. Cut browning foliage to the ground and wait 10-14 days before harvesting to allow the potatoes to devlop a thick enough skin.
- Don’t wait too long, though, or the potatoes may rot.
- Do not store potatoes with apples; their ethylene gas will cause potatoes to spoil.
- Whether you dig your own potatoes or buy them at a store; don’t wash them until right before you use them. Washing potatoes shortens their storage life.
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