Plum Fruit Farming
Contents in this Post
- Plum Fruit Farming
- Grown Areas of Plum Fruit :-
- Nutritive and Medical Value of Plum Fruit :-
- How Can Grow…?
- Varieties of Plum Fruit Cultivate in India:
- Growing Requirement for Plum Fruit Farming:
- Suitable soil/Land Preparation:
- Best Planting season for Plum Fruit:
- Spacing Between Plum Fruit Plants:
- Fertilizers and Nutrition requirements:
- 10.Water supply/Irrigation:
- Disease in Plum Fruit Farming:
- Plum Fruit Farming are a good choice for beginner farmers who want to grow fruit trees.
- As plum Fruit trees are widely adapt, more compact and require less care than most other fruit trees.
- Not only are plums delicious, but the trees themselves adding beauty to any garden.
- Plums Fruit belong to the family of stone fruits. This also includes peaches and nectarines.
- A Plums Fruit popularly known as “Aloobukara” In India.
- The commercially cultivate plum trees are medium in size, usually prune 5 to 6 m height.
- Without purn the plum trees can reach up to 12 meters height and can spread across 10 m.
Grown Areas of Plum Fruit :-
- In India high quality plum is being grown in hilly area of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttra Pradesh, Panjab, Haryana and some part of the Rajasthan.
Nutritive and Medical Value of Plum Fruit :-
- Plum Fruit is rich in Vitamin A, B, Riboflavin and some minerals like calcium, Phosphorus and iron.
- The well blend acidity with sugars is helpful in the preparation of jams and squashes.
- The Dry plums are known as purne.
- All plum cultivate cannot be use for drying, that is why it said “All plums are not purnes but all prunes are plums.”
- The prunes have great Ayurvedic medicinal Value.
- Water prepare from the prunes is the helpful in curing jaundice and summer bite.
- Plums have anti-cancer agents which may prevent cancer in the body.
- Consuming plums may reduce the chance of contracting a heart disease in the long run.
How Can Grow…?
- This fruit is a hardy fruit and grows well under any climatic conditions and up to an elevation of 1100 metres above mean sea leval(m.s.l).
- For best production, this fruit crop requires hot and dry climatic conditions.
- The Ber fruit crop tolerates high temperature and aridity by cessation of growth, leaf fall and dormancy stage.
Varieties of Plum Fruit Cultivate in India:
- Most of the commercial Plum varieties are grown In India belong to Japanese group.
Growing Requirement for Plum Fruit Farming:
- Plums usually require more cooling than peach fruit and almond.
- These are generally grown in the mid and low winters are best suitable for plum cultivation.
- A few Japanese plum commercial varieties are also grown successfully in the sub-mountain tracts of Haryana & Punjab.
- Plum prefers temperate climate. However, it has been found growing from higher hills in Srinagar to Jaipur in Rajasthan and areas around Delhi.
- It requires less chilling hours that is temperature below 7.2 C.
- It can tolerate frost and high summers both, temperature to 0 C and up, highest up to 47 C in summers.
- Some cultivars like Santa Rose can only be cultivated in higher hills but low chilling requiring cultivators are preferred for plains.
Suitable soil/Land Preparation:
- Plum is performing very well in soils with high pH where peach fails.
- That is why it is prefer as filler over peach.
- For good performance of trees well drained sandy loam to medium loam soils are most suited.
- Root stock plays a major role in the preference of soil.
- Own rooted plum cuttings and Kabul Green Gage plum rootstock prefer heavy soils, where as plum propagate on peach should not be plant as filler in Litchi orchards, because of high water requirements of Litchi plants.
Best Planting season for Plum Fruit:
- Plum plants in the nursery shed their leaves in January.
- Hence these are uproot along with the roots and can be transport long distances bate root.
- While planting the plants in the prepare pits, the lowermost branches should be remove.
- Keep only 3-4 side branches and clip the tops of all shoots so that secondary branching could be initiate.
- Place in the small pit all the roots and put soil to cover the roots to the soil level.
Spacing Between Plum Fruit Plants:
- In a hi tech method you can grow even 450-500 plants per acre with the spacing of 3.6 m by 2.4 m.
Fertilizers and Nutrition requirements:
- Fertilizers and manures depend on soil type, plants age.
- Normally in Plum farming, Sandy soils require more amount fertilizers than heavy soil types.
- P, K and FMY should be apply in Dec. month.
- Half of N should be apply before flowering and the rest half 1 month later.
- Plants must be given sufficient water during March to May month.
- Water supply is depending on variety, growth, flowering and fruiting.
- In subtropical areas, plum plantations require highest water during April to May.
Disease in Plum Fruit Farming:
- Plum Sawfly
- Plum Tree Leaf Curl
- Pink Maggots Inside Plums
- Brown Rot of Plum Trees
- Leguminous crops like black gram, green gram, cluster bean and pea can be cultivate as inter-crops, during the non-bearing fruit period of the plants.
- Plums are very delicate and easy to spoil, they should be pack with care.
- The optimum maturity standard varies with cultivar and use of fruit.
- For local consumption they should be allow to ripen on the tree, but for distant market they should be pick at the color-break stage.
- After packing fruit should be cooled immediately to 0 C which stop the ripe process for 12 days.
- Plums can be store at -2 C for 45 days without any harmfull effect.