Parwal Farming / Pointed gourd Farming

By | October 16, 2018

Parwal Farming (Pointed gourd Farming)

This Information Guide related to Parwal Farming known as a Pointed Gourd Farming. If you are interested in Parwal Farming please read this information guide.

Introduction of Parwal Farming (Pointed gourd Farming)

  • The Pointed gourd is popularly known as the Parwal in the local Indian language.
  • It is mainly cultivated and consumed in the Indian and Bangladeshi cuisines.
  • Parwal is a popular tropical vegetable grown throughout India.
  • A Parwal plant belongs to the family of “Cucurbitaceae”.
  • A Parwal is eaten very commonly especially in the Asian countries.
  • The curry form is very popular.
  • It is also eaten the fry, steam and in soups and stews.
  • The Pointed gourd farming is easy and hassle-free.
  • But to get good yields, one most use modern implements and improve techniques for cultivation.
  • In the local market, there is a huge demand for the vegetable.
  • Due to its increase in popularity, the vegetable has also found its place in some places on the international market too.
  • Parwal is a good source of vitamins and other medicinal values.
  • Basically, Parwal plant is a perennial and grows like the vine.
  • This vegetable looks similar to Ivy gourd/Tindora but little bigger in the size.

Grown Areas of Parwal Farming (Pointed Gourd) In India

  • Guar farming is grown in all over India.
  • In India mostly grown in Odessa, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal. Kerala, Chhattisgarh, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

 

Nutritive and Medical Value of Parwal (Pointed Gourd)

  • Pointed Gourd is a good source of vitamins.
  • Parwal is best known for purifying the blood.
  • It thus helps to keep the system clean and the skin problem free.
  • It is very beneficial for general health.
  • It keeps the body cool.
  • Parwal is using for treatment in case of common cold and flu.
  • Also helps to relive the symptoms.
  • Parwal has lots of Fiber. The Fiber content helps indigestion.
  • It also helps in decreasing digestion problems.
  • Also good for patients who are suffering from diabetes and cholesterol problems. It helps to decrease the effects.
  • It helps in weight loss treatment.
  • Also fights with aging.

How Can Parwal Farming or Pointed Gourd Farming?

  • For cultivate of Parwal Farming, it is important that a proper variety is select.
  • After that, a suitable site must be select. Also, proper techniques and implements must be select.
  • The soil and climatic conditions must be provided then the yield can be increased.
  • Generally, Parwal is not propagating through seeds.
  • Because the seeds are difficult to germinate. Seeds are growing up to be unproductive male plants.
  • The sex of the plant can only be determined when it starts to flower.
  • For these reasons, root cuttings and vine suckers are used for propagation of Parwal farming.
  • If root suckers are to be used for planting, the tubers of Parwal must be dug out early in the spring season.
  • They must be subdividing and then replanted.
  • In Case of use vine cuttings, the ones which are made in the full season of the previous year must be used.
  • They must be planted after winter.
  • Also, avoid the frost conditions.
  • Vines are used fresh and at least 8-10 nodes must be used for planting purposes.
  • Pre-root or fresh vine cuttings can be used for the planting.
  • Check the disease-free.
  • For every male plant, nine female plants must be planted.
  • This will make sure that the fruiting is set.
  • After that, they must be filling with manure and topsoil. And then require lightly irrigation.

 

Varieties of Parwal (Pointed Gourd) in India

  • In India, Swarna Rekha, Kaddu Padaval-1, Kadu padvala kayi-2 and Swarna Alaukik are mostly grown varieties of Parwal Farming.

 

Growing Requirement in Parwal Farming (Pointed Gourd Farming)

  • Parwal plant is a perennial plant, which is growing best in warm to hot humid climates.
  • It does not tolerate frost & extreme cold conditions.
  • Dry tropical whether after monsoon is best for Parwal Farming.
  • Parwal Farming plants require temperature is 30-35 C for optimum growth and yield.

Suitable soil/Land Preparation in Parwal Farming (Pointed Gourd Farming)

  • The good drain sandy loam soil is the best suit for the cultivation of Parwal farming.
  • It can be grown in almost any type of good soil; the sandy loam is best suitable for Parwal farming.
  • The soil must be rich and fertile.
  • Also, ph range of the soil is close to neutral.
  • The soil must not be too acidic.
  • For good growth of plants, the soil must be rich in nutrients.
  • The land must be select on which farming will be done.
  • Then all the weeds, rocks and tree stumps must be removed from the land properly.
  • Plowing has to be done for a proper soil texture.
  • In the last plow, proper quantizes of well rotten farmyard manure must be mix with topsoil.
  • Also, Drainage and complete leveling in the land provides.

Best planting season for Parwal Farming (Pointed Gourd Farming)

  • Mainly the optimum time of seed sowing varies greatly depending upon climate, varieties and their temperature requirement for growth.
  • Mostly, the planting is done in summer or in springtime.

 

A spacing between Plants for Parwal Farming (Pointed Gourd Farming)

  • The optimal plant population per acre depends upon the plant’s growth habit like compact, medium or spreading, sizes like small, medium or large at maturity, the vigor of specific cultivars, climate, soil moisture and nutrient availability, soil productivity, and intended use.
  • The average spacing applies to the Parwal crop is 1.5m*2m.

 

Fertilizers and Nutrition requirements in Parwal Farming (Pointed Gourd Farming)

  • Well decomposed farmyard manure must be applied in the Parwal field at the time of and preparation.
  • Proper quantities of micronutrient like nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus must apply in split doses.
  • A soli test is necessary before nutrition management.
  • After the soil test, fertilizers must be applying.
  • Too many chemicals must not be given in the field. Because this is damage the crop and also make the soil dry.
  • So, organic fertilizers apply in the land.
  • After the application of fertilizers, a light irrigation must be given in the field..
  • Too many chemicals must not be given in the field. Because this is damage the crop and also make the soil dry.
  • So, organic fertilizers apply in the land.
  • After the application of fertilizers, a light irrigation must be given in the field.

 

Water supply/Irrigation in Parwal Farming (Pointed Gourd Farming)

  • The First irrigation must be provided after planting.
  • Irrigation applies when needed, otherwise too much irrigation cause water logging and rot of the plants.
  • During the rainy season, if excess water is collected in the field, it must be drained out.
  • If the rainfall is regular and well distributed there is no need for irrigation.
  • In the case of irregular rainfall, watering must be done accordingly.
  • During dry spells in summer and extremely dry months, irrigation must be provided.
  • Irrigation applying during flowering and fruit formation time.
  • For saving water, sprinkler irrigation or drip irrigation can be used.
  • Mulching can be done also.
  • It helps to keep the soil moist and also keeps away the weeds.

 

Pests/Disease:

  • Red Beetles
  • Fruit Flies
  • Downy Mildew
  • Epilachna beetle
  • Mosaic virus etc.
  • Most of the diseases can be controlled if the crop is managed properly.
  • Proper Pesticides can be a spray to control the occurrence of the pests.

 

Inter-cropping in Parwal Farming (Pointed Gourd Farming)

  • Intercropping is growing of two or more crops of dissimilar growth pattern on the same piece of land and time.
  • Intercropping will also help in soil improvement by fixing the nitrogen in the soil.

 

Storage/Harvest in Parwal Farming (Pointed Gourd Farming)

  • July-October is the time when the Parwal is ready to harvest.
  • The fruits must not be allowed to ripe fully.
  • The flesh becomes ripe and the seeds harden.
  • This makes the fruit unsuitable for eating.
  • A little bit immature and tender fruits must be picked for harvesting.
  • An Average yield of 16-21 tones of fruit can be obtained with proper cultivation methods.
  • The yields also depend on the variety.
  • Harvesting after that Parwal must be clean and wash.
  • They must be sort and grad base on their quality.
  • After that packed properly and put inside boxes for transportation.
  • The pointed gourds can be sold fresh.
  • They can also be stored under proper storage conditions.
  • They can also be exposed to other places for a higher profit.

 

 

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