Organic Gardening

By | May 1, 2018

Organic Gardening

Organic Gardening for Beginners How to Start Guide

Look at your grocery store receipt and you know that buying organic can get very expensive, very fast. Luckily, there’s a way to grow your own delicious, fresh produce while having fun and learning at the same time organic gardening!

What is organic Gardening  ?

In simple terms, growing organically could be described as growing in harmony with nature, without using synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides or other such products that upset the balance of the ecosystem.

Select the Location for Organic Gardening

Choose the site for your organic garden carefully. The garden site will affect all other gardening practices, so select the best site possible to grow healthy plants. When deciding on a site, consider light exposure, soil drainage, soil fertility and pesticide contamination.

  • Selecting cultivars with resistance or tolerance to target pests
  • Maintaining healthy and vigorous plants with good nutrient and moisture management
  • Promoting good air circulation within the garden to promote drying of the plants
  • Using good sanitation practices for tools and equipment
  • Rouging or removing plants that are diseased
  • Using crop rotations to avoid the build up of pests
  • Creating habitats for beneficial insects
  • Hand weeding
  • Mechanical weeding

 

Preparing the Soil for Organic Gardening

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You have to eat, and so do plants, so make sure your veggies get lots of fresh nutrients. Healthy soil helps build up strong, productive plants. Adding organic matter in the form of compost and aged manure, or using mulch or growing cover crops (green manures), is the best way to prepare soil for planting. Adding chemical fertilizers will replenish only certain nutrients and do nothing for maintaining good, friable soil. Organic matter will help supply everything your plants need. Chemical soil treatments can not only seep into your food, but they can also harm the beneficial bacteria, worms, and other microbes in the soil. In order to get the best results with your new organic garden, you’ll want to make sure the soil is properly conditioned.

Making Good Compost for Organic Gardening

Making Good Compost for Organic Gardening

The best compost forms from the right ratio of nitrogen- and carbon-rich organic waste, mixed with soil, water, and air. It might sound like complicated chemistry, but don’t worry too much if you don’t have time to make perfect compost. Even a minimally tended pile will still yield decent results.

Collect these materials to start off your compost pile right:

  • Fruit scraps
  • Vegetable scraps
  • Coffee grounds
  • Eggshells
  • Grass and plant clippings
  • Dry leaves
  • Finely chopped wood and bark chips
  • Shredded newspaper
  • Straw
  • Sawdust from untreated wood

Not use  this material in Compost for organic gardening

Not only will these items not work as well in your garden, but they can make your compost smell and attract animals and pests. Avoid these items for a successful compost pile:

  • Anything containing meat, oil, fat, or grease
  • Diseased plant materials
  • Sawdust or chips from pressure-treated wood
  • Dog or cat faces
  • Weeds that go to seed
  • Dairy products

Step of making Organic compost

1.     Combine Green and Brown Materials

2.     Spare Water on Your Materials

  1. Stir Up Your Materials

Air circulation in Organic garden

Just like humans, plants need air, both above ground for photosynthesis and in the soil as well. Air in the soil holds atmospheric nitrogen that can be converted into a usable form for plants. Soil oxygen is also crucial to the survival of soil organisms that benefit plants.

Water Irrigation in Organic gardening

All forms of life, including plants and soil organisms, need water, but not too much or too little. Healthy soil should be about 25% water.

You have to water irrigation facility in your garden , because without proper water irrigation fruit and plant damage .

In soils with too much pore space (sandy soils), water quickly drains through and cannot be used by plants. In dense, silt or clay soils, the soil gets waterlogged as all the pore space is filled with water. This will suffocate plant roots and soil organisms.

Fertilizer adding in Organic gardening soil

Dry or liquid fertilizer can add nutrients to the soil that might not get there any other way. Organic garden fertilizers work a little slower than their synthetic counterparts, but they release their nutrients over a longer time frame. Additionally synthetic fertilizers are bad for the environment and can make the soil worse in the long run as beneficial microorganisms are killed off.

PH of Organic garden soil

Dear please Don’t plan on changing the pH of your soil with one dose of a wonder material. Because if you use a all organic material in your garden so not required adding PH up down Liquid or any solution.

 

Choosing the Right Plants for Organic Gardening

Growing Vegetables in Pot on balcony <== Check More Details

#10 Best Organic Gardening Vegetable Plants

 

  • In addition to the convenience of having the fixings for a salad or light supper right outside your door. When you grow your own vegetables, you’re getting the most nutritional bang for your buck as well. Vegetables start losing nutrients as soon as they’re harvest, and quality diminishes as sugars are turn into starches. For the tastiest veggies with the best nutrition, try growing a few of these nutrient-dense foods in your own organic garden.

 

  1. Broccoli: Broccoli is high in calcium, iron and magnesium, as well as vitamins A, B6 and C.
  • In fact, one cup of raw broccoli florets provides 130 percent of your daily vitamin C requirement.
  • How to grow broccoli: Grow broccoli in containers
  • One broccoli plant per pot, pots should be 12 to 16 inches deep.
  • If you start seeing pretty white butterflies fluttering around your broccoli, you’re guaranteeing to start seeing little green worms all over your broccoli plants.
  • To avoid this, cover your broccoli plants with floating row cover or lightweight bed sheets.
  • If you start seeing cabbage worms, simply pick them off by hand.
  1. Peas: There is nothing like peas grown right in your own garden the tender sweetness of a snap pea just plucked from the vine is unlike anything you can buy in at a store.
  • Aside from being absolutely delicious, peas are high in fiber, iron, magnesium, potassium, and vitamins A, B6 and C.
  • How to grow peas: Grow peas in containers
  • Snow peas approximately 2 inches apart in a pot that is at least 10 inches deep.
  • Provide support for peas to climb up.
  • Peas need to hot weather.
  • Once the weather turns hot, pea production will pretty much shut down.
  • Grow peas in early spring and late summer/autumn, or any time of year when temperatures are consistently between 40 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
  1. Beans: While snap beans are a great addition to any garden, it’s the beans we grow as dire beans that are real nutritional powerhouses.
  • Dry beans, in general, are high in iron, fiber, and manganese and phosphorous.
  • How to grow beans: Grow beans in containers.
  • Bush beans are your best option for growing in containers. Plant beans four inches apart in a container that is at least 12 inches deep.
  • Harvest at the right time.
  • Harvest dry beans when the pods have completely drie on the vine.
  • The pods should be light brown, and you should be able to feel the hard beans inside.
  • Shell the beans, and let them sit out a few days to ensure that they’re completely dry before storing them in jars in a cool, dark, dry place.
  1. Brussels sprouts: The bane of many a childhood, Brussels sprouts get a bad rap mostly due to overcooking.
  • When prepare right, Brussels sprouts are sweet, tender and delicious.
  • They also provide tons of fiber, magnesium, potassium and riboflavin, as well as high levels of vitamins A, B6 and C.
  • How to grow Brussels sprouts: Grow Brussels sprouts in containers. Grow one plant per 16-inch deep container.
  1. Tomatoes: Fresh, homegrown tomatoes are the reason many gardeners get into vegetable gardening in the first place.
  • There’s just nothing that compares to eating a perfectly ripe tomato, still warm from the sun.
  • Tomatoes are also incredibly good for us, packing plenty of fiber, iron, magnesium, niacin, potassium, and vitamins A, B6 and C.
  • They’re also a great source of the antioxidant lycopene.
  • How to grow tomatoes: Grow tomatoes in containers.
  • Container sizes will vary depending on the variety you’re growing.
  • If you’re growing an indeterminate variety, your container will need to be at least 18 inches deep.
  • For determinate varieties, 12 inches is a good depth, and for dwarf or “patio” type tomatoes, 8 inches is perfect.
  • One tomato plant per pot.
  • Tomato horn worm can be a problem in many areas these large caterpillars should be removes by hand whenever you see them.
  1. Red bell peppers: Red bell peppers are high in potassium, riboflavin, and vitamins A, B6, and C.
  • In fact, one cup of red bell pepper packs an amazing 317 percent of the recommended daily allowance of vitamin C and 93 percent of the recommended vitamin A.
  • How to grow peppers: Grow peppers in containers.
  • Plant one pepper plant per each 8 to 12 inch deep pot.
  • Aphids and flea beetles are the two most common insect pests when growing peppers.
  • While both can be control with insecticidal soap, which is a common organic option.
  • You can also make all-natural, homemade sprays to deter these pests.
  • A tomato leaf spray will get rid of aphids, and garlic/hot pepper spray works very well on a flea beetle infestation.
  1. Beets: Beets are a great twofer crop.
  • You can harvest the beet roots, of course, but you can also harvest and eat the greens.
  • Young beet greens are delicious when add raw to a salad, and larger beet greens can be sauté as a quick side dish or use the way you’d use other greens such as spinach.
  • Beet roots are very high in iron, potassium and vitamin C.
  • Beet greens are even better, as they are high in iron, calcium, magnesium, potassium, zinc, and vitamins A, B6 and C.
  • How to grow beets: Grow beets in containers.
  • Plant beet seeds three inches apart in a container that is twelve inches deep.
  • Because each beet seed is actually a cluster of seeds, be sure to thin the seedlings to one per cluster.
  • Knowing when to harvest.
  • Beet roots are at their best when they are harvested small — between one and two inches across.
  • At this size, they are sweet and tender. Larger beets tend to be kind of woody and less flavourful.
  1. Leaf amaranth: Leaf amaranth is a less-common vegetable that is well worth a try in your own garden.
  • The leaves have a sweet and slightly tangy flavour that works well in a variety of dishes, from stir-fries and soups to simply steaming it all by itself.
  • Nutritionally, leaf amaranth is very high in calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorous, potassium, riboflavin, zinc, and vitamins A, B6 and C. Everyone should be growing this.
  • How to grow leaf amaranth: Growing leaf amaranth in containers.
  • Scatter the tiny seeds over the soil’s surface in a pot that is at least 8 inches deep.
  • Harvest the leaves when they are two to four inches tall. You will be able to get at least two or three harvest before you’ll have to sow more seeds.
  1. Carrots: Carrots are at their sweetest, crunchiest best when freshly harvested from the garden.
  • These icons of healthy eating and also high in fiber, manganese, niacin, potassium, and vitamins A, B6 and C.
  • How to grow carrots: Grow carrots in containers:
  • Sow carrot seeds two to three inches apart in a pot that is at least twelve inches deep. Look for shorter varieties, such as Thumbelina or Danvers Half Long.
  • Harvesting at the perfect size. Carrots are at their tastiest when harvested small.
  • Leaving them in the ground too long can result in overly large, woody carrots. You’ll also want to make sure to keep your carrots evenly moist, as letting the soil dry out too often can also result in somewhat bitter, fibrous carrots.
  1. Leafy greens: In general, the green leafies contain high amounts of calcium, iron, potassium, and vitamins A, B6 and C.
  • How to grow leafy greens: Grow greens in containers: Grow one kale or collard plant per ten inch deep pot.
  • Heat and cabbage worms.

 

 

 

#10 Best Organic Gardening Flower Plants

 

Marigold

These bright flowers are a perfect choice to add colour to any garden. The color of marigold varies from light yellow to golden brown.

 Lotus

Lotus is a common water plant and is the national flower of India. Lotuses are generally available in shades of bright pink and white.

Sunflowers

The most appropriately named of the lot, sunflowers are beautiful yellow flowers that will dot your garden, giving it a vibrant feel.

Hibiscus

These gorgeous flowers are often associated with the tropics because of their lush, full-bodied bloom.

 Roses

These romantic flowers will add cheer to any garden in summers. Though they need that little extra care, these flowers are perfect for summer.

Lilies

I admire lilies for their weather hardiness. They do not need much to survive in extreme weather conditions.

Musk Rose

The musk rose grows throughout India. This plant clusters at the end of its branches producing gorgeous and fragrant white flowers.

Zinnia

Zinnias are certainly among the easiest flowers for anyone, whether just beginning or experienced in gardening, to germinate and grow directly from seed.

 

 

Pansies

Pansies are good flowers for sowing annually. They offer a palette of colours for any season in your garden.

 Petunias

These are one of the most popular flowers amongst gardeners. They are quick growing and blossom beautifully.

 

How to Use Container in Organic Gardening

  • Consider the root systems when choosing a container. Veggies like onions, lettuce, and brassicas like broccoli and kale have shallow root systems. Tomatoes and beets are some that will need larger pots.
  • Use high quality soil mixes, or screened topsoil mixed with compost. Don’t use garden soil, and don’t use cheap bagged “topsoil” from the hardware store. The medium needs to be well drained and fertile.

Use baskets, old cans with drainage holes added, wood palettes, even bathtubs! You’ll be amazed at the things you can recycle into plant pots, and how all this stuff can be situated and cultivated to add to your home’s aesthetic. Have fun!

Check The more Details about Container Gardening

Protecting Your Plants Without Pesticides in Organic Gardening

Only one way to Protect your plants without pesticides in organic gardening

Constantly Improve your Organic Garden Soil

The first line of defence against garden pests is to improve your soil on a continual basis. Even the most fertile soil eventually becomes nutritionally depleted from hungry plants. Nutritionally depleted soil = nutritionally depleted (unhealthy) plants, and unhealthy plants are a magnet for pests and disease. Here are some tips for improving garden soil for an all organic garden.

If you have not control Make Own organic Pest for organic garden

Organic pest work ?

Organic pest control methods do work, especially if several are implemented at the same time. Yes, you might lose a few seedlings to snails or have a few holes in some leaves. But in the end, organic gardening practices still offer the most people-, animal-, and Earth-friendly practices for maintaining a healthy balance in the garden.

 

Harvesting in Your Organic Gardening

During peak harvest season, check your garden every day. If you use them fresh, pick them right before you need them. But if you’ll be drying and storing them, it’s best to wait until just before they flower, since they’ll have the most flavor. Gather all herbs except basil in mid-morning, shortly after dew has dried. Harvest basil in the late afternoon, since it will last longer after some time in the sun.

After Harvesting please Cleanup garden , pick some unwanted plastics and other material .

If any have question about Organic Gardening please mention in comment box . Thank You for visiting our site , please Welcome Back..

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