Organic Farming

By | May 8, 2018

Organic farming

  • Organic farming system time table principles of sustainability and productivity is complex.
  • A Organic farmers must consider how the various components of the system rotation, pest and weed management end soil health will maintain both productivity and probability.
  • This all Information about Organic farming.

Organic Farming System

  • This section outline the major principles incorporated into organic farming system.
  • Although practice vary from farm to farm and region to region, at the core of any successful annual organic farming system crop rotation.
  • According to cropping system 9 farm case studies In the Dryland Northern Plains,Canadian Prairies and Intermountain Northwes,” productive rotations:
  • Enhance soil conversation and build soil organic matter.
  • Provide weed, disease and insect control.
  • Enhance water quality and conversation, biological diversity and wildlife habitat.
  • Ensure economic profitability for the farming system.
  • Include the use of cover crops to provide fertility, control weeds and provide habitat how beneficial insect.
  • Have a diversity of plants species to encourage natural predators, discourage pest and disease build-up, and minimize economic and environmental risk.
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  • Provide a balance between soil conversation and crop production by adding organic matter to the soil to both supply nutrition and improve soil quality properties such as water infiltration and water holding capacity.
  • Provide weed control by alternating between warm and cool weather plants and including with weed inhabiting plants.
  • Organic farming system in India is very old and is being from efficient time.
  • It is a method of farming system which cultivate the land and raising crops in such a way as to give the soil alive and in good health by use of organic crops.
  • It is use biological material for long with beneficial.
  • Organic farming on the principle of maximum production with high quality without effects of soil fertility and environment.
  • Due to the continuously increment in world population, demand of organic vegetables has been increase.
  • India has a lot of chances in this farming.
  • Organic farming starts mostly as a small farm agriculture system operation also being on farm less than 1 acre in size.
  • Organic farming results in plane very good quality.

  • In Indian agriculture organic farming lot of scope in organic farming for Indian farmers.
  • With the increase in population our compulsion would be not only to stabilize agricultural production but to increase it further in sustainable manner.
  • The scientists have realize that the ‘Green Revolution’ with high input use has reach a plateau and is now sustainer with diminishing return of falling dividends.
  • Thus, a natural balance needs to be maintained at all cost for existence of life and property.
  • The obvious choice for that would be more relevant in the present era, when these agrochemicals which are produce from fossil fuel and are not renewable and are diminishing in availability.
  • It may also cost heavily on our foreign exchange in future.

Organic Agriculture

  • Organic Agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems and people.
  • It realizes on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapt to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects.
  • Organic Agriculture combines tradition, innovation and science to benefit the share environment and promote fair relationships and a good quality of life for all involve.
  • Organic agriculture in there are many explanations and definitions for organic agriculture but all converge to state that it is a system that relies on ecosystem management rather than external agricultural inputs.
  • It is a system that begins to consider potential environmental and social impacts by eliminating the use of synthetic inputs, such as synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, veterinary drugs, genetically modified seeds and breeds, preservatives, additives and irradiation.
  • These are replacing with site-specific management practices that maintain and increase long-term soil fertility.
  • So prevent pest and diseases.
  • Organic agriculture is a holistic production management system which promotes and enhances agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles, and soil biological activity.
  • It emphasizes the use of management practices in preference to the use of off-farm inputs, taking into account that regional conditions require locally adapt systems.
  • This is accomplish by using, where possible, agronomic, biological, and mechanical methods, as opposed to using synthetic materials, to fulfill any specific function within the system.
Organic Agriculture system
  • Organic agriculture systems and products are not always certifies and are refer to as “non-certified organic agriculture or products”.
  • This excludes agriculture systems that do not use synthetic inputs by default.
  • Consumer or market-driven organic agriculture.
  • Products are clearly identifies through certification and labeling.
  • Farmer-driven organic agriculture.
  • Some farmers believe that conventional agriculture is unsustainable and have develop alternative modes of production to improve their family health, farm economies and/or self-reliance.
  • Although organic agriculture is still only a small industry (2% of global food sales), it is growing in importance worldwide.
  • It is difficult to collect information due to lack of official statistics and the level of confidentiality of organizations dealing with organic produce.
  • However, interest is growing for information about the nature of the organic market dynamics.
  • This will assist in the long-term planning of what produce to supply, in what quantity and quality.

What is Organic Farming?

  • Organic Farming refers to agricultural production systems reliant on green manure, compost, biological pest control, and crop rotation to produce crops, livestock, and poultry.
  • Organic farming is dependent on developing ecological biodiversityin the plantation farm to interrupt the habitation of pests and diseases, and ensuring meaningful maintenance and improvement of soil fertility.
  • By all necessary means, organic farming does not allow the use of synthetic chemical fertilizers, antibiotics, herbicides, or pesticides.
  • All agricultural production are done organically and in the best natural way including the production of fibers, grains, vegetables, flowers, processed food products, and animal products such as milk, eggs, and meat.
  • In simple terms, organic farming is an agricultural practice aim at attaining balance ecological production management system that encourages and improves soil biological activity and biodiversity.
  • It involves minimum use of synthetic chemicals and inputs outside the farm while ensuring management practices that preserve, replenish, and enhance ecological stability.
  • Organic farming also exclude antibiotic use in livestock, plant growth regulators, nano-materials and genetically modify products to attain the goal of environmental sustainabilityand enhancing ecological harmony.
  • Some of the fundamental features of organic agricultural production systems include natural livestock and crop production through submission to an organic system plan.
  • Detail record keeping system for all the produce from the point of production to consumption and use of buffer zones to prevent synthetic chemicals from accidentally contaminating bordering conventional farms.

As par the USA agriculture department Defining of Organic Agriculture is.

  • Organic farming is a system which avoids or large excludes the use of synthetic inputs and to the maximum extent feasible rely upon crop rotations, crop residues, animal manures, off-farm organic waste and biological system of nutrient mobilization an plant protection.
  • Organic agriculture is ecological production management systems that prompt and enhance biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity.
  • It is base on minimal use of off-farm inputs and on management practices that restore, maintain and enhance ecological harmony.

Information about Organic Farming

  • There are several establish approachable to eco friendly farming system.
  • A common thread on all school is an emphasis on biological system to supply fertility and pest control rather than chemical inputs.
  • The most widely recognize alternative farming system.
  • Modern organic evolve as an alternative to chemical agriculture in the 1940s, largely in response to the publication of J.I Rodale in the U.S Lady, Eve Balfour in English, and Sir Albert Howard in India.
  • In 1980, U.S.D.A released a landmark report on organic farming.
  • Organic Farming Is define as the production system in which avoids or largely exclude the use of synthetically compound fertilizers, pesticide, growth regulator and livestock feed additives.
  • Organic farming methods are widely use in under develop and developing countries, largely because of comics and a lack of chemicals.
  • However, they are becoming more widely accept in develop countries as a reaction or factory conditions.

Problems of Present Day Agriculture:

  • The Green revolution technology, particularly in India, led to many fold increase in food grains production, but has made demands on water, fertilizer and farm power.
  • The effect of intensive cropping has result in deteriorating soil tilth and decrease organic matter content high level of chemical inputs is increasing pollution hazard and result further degradation of soil health.
  • So increase uses of agro- chemical is polluting water and atmosphere and thus effect on crop production, and animal and reflect on human health.

Some Important Problems are:

  • Soil degradation.
  • Decreasing soil fertility.
  • Water and environmental pollution.
  • Water management problems like.
  • Problem of brackish ground water.
  • Runoff and flooding.
  • Stalinization Problem.
  • Low irrigation efficiency.

Why Organic Farming not Adopt on Large Scale?

  • Cause of low adoption.
  • Chemical are easy to use and less costly.
  • The benefit of organic practices is not seen immediately.
  • Large quintiles of organic inputs are requiring.
  • Difficult to get organic fertilizer.
  • Unorganized market for organically grown produce.
  • Preference to consume organic food is yet not establish.
  • Economic loss to transition (from traditional agriculture to organic agriculture).
  • No experimental evidence on the cost benefit ratio of organic farming.
  • Government effort to propagate.
  • Scientific research is also scare.
  • In organic production, farmers choose not to use some of the convenient chemical tools available to other farmers.
  • Design and management of the production system are critical to the success of the farm.
  • Select enterprises that complement each other and choose crop rotation and tillage practices to avoid or reduce crop problems
  • Yields of each organic crop vary, depending on the success of the manager.
  • During the transition from conventional to organic, production yields are lower than conventional levels, but after a three to five year transition period the organic yields typically increase.
  • Cereal and forage crops can be grown organically relatively easily to due to relatively low pest pressures and nutrient requirements.
  • Soybeans also perform well but weeds can be a challenge.
  • Corn is being grown more frequently on organic farms but careful management of weed control and fertility is needed.
  • Meeting nitrogen requirements is particularly challenging. Corn can be successfully grown after forage legumes or if manure has been apply.
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  • Markets for organic feed grains have been strong in recent years.
  • The adoption of genetically engineered (GMO) corn and canola varieties on conventional farms has create the issue of buffer zones or isolation distance for organic corn and canola crops.
  • Farmers producing corn and canola organically are requiring to manage the risks of GMO contamination in order to produce a “GMO-free” product.
  • The main strategy to manage this risk is through appropriate buffer distances between organic and genetically engineered crops.
  • Cross-pollinate crops such as corn and canola require much greater isolation distance than self-pollinated crops such as soybeans or cereals.
  • Fruit and vegetable crops present greater challenges depending on the crop.
  • Some managers have been very successful, while other farms with the same crop have had significant problems.
  • Certain insect or disease pests are more serious in some regions than in others.
  • Some pest problems are difficult to manage with organic methods.
  • This is less of an issue as more organically approve biopesticides become available.
  • Marketable yields of organic horticultural crops are usually below non-organic crop yields.
  • The yield reduction varies by crop and farm. Some organic producers have add value to their products with on-farm processing.
  • An example is to make jams, jellies, juice, etc. using products that do not meet fresh market standards
  • Livestock products can also be produce organically.
  • In recent years, organic dairy products have become popular.
  • There is an expanding market for organic meat products. Animals must be fed only organic feeds (except under exceptional circumstances).
  • Feed must not contain mammalian, avian or fish by-products.
  • All genetically engineered organisms and substances are prohibiting.
  • Antibiotics, growth hormones and insecticides are generally prohibited.
  • If an animal becomes ill and antibiotics are necessary for recovery, they should be administering.
  • The animal must then be segregate from the organic livestock herd and cannot be sold for organic meat products.
  • Vaccinations are permit when diseases cannot be control by other means.
  • Artificial insemination is permitted. Always check with your certification body to determine if a product or technique is allowed in the Permitted Substances List and the organic standards.
  • A Organic production must also respect all other federal, provincial and municipal regulations.

Organic Farming Method Step By Step

  • Organic farming is done to release nutrients to the crops for increase sustainable production in an eco-friendly and pollution-free environment.
  • It aims to produce crop with a high nutritional value.
  • Basic methods are…

Crop Diversity: 

Now days a new practice has come into picture   which is call Polyculture in which a variety of crops can be cultivate simultaneously just to meet the increasing demand of crops. Unlike the ancient practice which was Monoculture in which only one type of crop was cultivate in a particular location.

Soil Management: 

After the cultivation of crops, the soil loses its nutrients and its quality depletes. Organic agriculture initiates the use of natural ways to increase the health of soil. It focuses on the use of bacteria that is present in animal waste which helps in making the soil nutrients more productive to enhance the soil.

Weed Management:

Weed-, is the unwept plant that grows in agricultural fields. Organic agriculture pressurizes on lowering the weed rather than removing itcompletely.

Controlling other organisms:

There are both useful and harmful organisms in the agricultural farm which affect the field. The growth of such organisms needs to be control to protect the soil and the crops. This can be done by the use of herbicides and pesticides that contain fewer chemicals or are natural.

Livestock:

Organic farming instigates domestic animals use to increase the sustainability of the farm.

Genetic Modification:

Genetic modification is kept away from this kind of agricultural set up because organic farming focuses on the use of natural ways and discourages engineered animals and plants.

  • There are at least three options available in organic farming they are.
  1. Pure organic farming.
  2. Integrated green revolution farming.
  3. Integrated farming system ( IFS).

Pure Organic Farming:

  • This excludes the use of inorganic manures and biological pest control methods.
  • It the entire NPK requirement is to be supply in the form of organic either as farm or town compost or green manure, the quantity of organic require will be huge.
  • But large potential of organic resources remains uncap in the country.
  • Nearly 750 million tones of cow dung, 250 millions tones yielding crop varieties and hybrid and mechanization of labor are retain.
  • But much greater efficiency on the use of these inputs is obtained to limit damages to the environment and human health.
  • For this purpose, some organic techniques are developing and combine with the input technology in order to create integrate system such as integrant nutrient management, integrant pest management and biological control method, which reduce need or chemicals.
  • Modern biotechnology is also employ to develop higher yielding, pest resistant crop verities.

Integrated Farming System:

  • The third option in Organic farming is the low input organic farming, in which the farmers have to depend on local resources and ecological process, recycling agricultural wastes and crop residues.
  • The Following Categories have been Suggestion:
  1. External quality freedom from pest and disease damage freshness and color.
  2. Technological quality: Improved properties of storage and processing.
  3. Nutritional / physiological quality: Increased content of valuable nutrient and other agricultural chemical residues.
  4. Environment quality of the system of production, with regard to the organization of crop and livestock and management of farm resources, in such a way that they harmonize rather than conflict with natural system.
  • This system merits consideration on the ground that most of the ills of modern day agriculture are avoid.
  • Use of agrow chemical is forbidden. There is emphasis on build up or organic matter in the soil, there by activating biological activity.
  • Soil is treating as a living organism.
  • Maintenance of favorable soil structure and development and use of crop rotation that improve soil fertility, control pests and disease, pest and diseases, pests and weeds are adopt.
  • The major difference between organic and conventional farming is the almost exclusive reliance of the organic farmer on organic matter for supply of nutrients.
  • As a consequence of conventional agricultural practices, soil erosion and air pollution may occur.
  • Erode soils run into reservoirs, clogging water ways, etc, thereby existing ran off farm impact.
  • In areas where soils are heavily fertilize soils omit 2 to 10 times as much nitrous oxide as unfertilized soils and pasture.
  • Conservation of wild life habitat and rural landscape to agricultural use may lead to loss of biodiversity and degradation of landscape an off farm impact having long term consequence on productivity and sustainability.
  • In view of the impact that conventional agricultural practices have, what is need is an ecomically and environmentally efficient agriculture.

Benefits of Organic Farming

  • Better Nutrition:

As compare to a longer time conventionally grown food, organic food is much richer in nutrients. Nutritional value of a food item is determined by its mineral and vitamin content. Organic farming enhances the nutrients of the soil which is passing on to the plants and animals.

  • Helps us stay healthy: 

Organic foods do not contain any chemical. This is because organic farmers don’t use chemicals at any stage of the food-growing process like their commercial counterparts. Organic farmers use natural farming techniques that don’t harm humans and environment. These foods keep dangerous diseases like cancer and diabetes at bay.

  • Free of poison:

Organic farming does not make use of poisonous chemicals, pesticides and weedicides. Studies reveal that a large section of the population fed on toxic substances used in conventional agriculture have fallen prey to diseases like cancer. As organic farming avoids these toxins, it reduces the sickness and diseases due to them.

  • Organic foods are highly authenticated: 

For any produce to qualify as organic food, it must undergo quality checks and the creation process rigorously investigates. The same rule applies to international markets. This is a great victory for consumers because they are getting the real organic foods. These quality checks and investigations weed out quacks who want to benefit from the organic food label by delivering commercially produced foods instead.

  • Lower prices: 

There is a big misconception that organic foods are relatively expensive. The truth is they are actually cheaper because they don’t require application of expensive pesticides, insecticides, and weedicides. In fact, you can get organic foods direct from the source at really reasonable prices.

  • Enhanced Taste:

The quality of food is also determine by its taste. Organic food often tastes better than other food. The sugar content in organically grown fruits and vegetables provides them with extra taste. The quality of fruits and vegetables can be measured using Brix analysis.

  • Organic farming methods are eco-friendly: 

In commercial farms, the chemicals applied infiltrate into the soil and severely contaminate it and nearby water sources. Plant life, animals, and humans are all impacted by this phenomenon. A Organic farming does not utilize these harsh chemicals so; the environment remains protect.

  • Longer shelf–life:

Organic plants have greater metabolic and structural integrity in their cellular structure than conventional crops. This enables storage of organic food for a longer time.

Organic farming is prefer as it battles pests and weeds in a non-toxic manner, involves less input costs for cultivation and preserves the ecological balance while promoting biological diversityand protection of the environment.

Four Principles of Organic Farming

Four Principles of Organic Farming

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  • Principle of Health:Organic agriculture must contribute to the health and well being of soil, plants, animals, humans and the earth. It is the sustenance of mental, physical, ecological and social well being. For instance, it provides pollution and chemical free, nutritious food items for humans.
  • Principle of Fairness:Fairness is evident in maintaining equity and justice of the shared planet both among humans and other living beings. Organic farming provides good quality of life and helps in reducing poverty. Natural resources must be judiciously used and preserved for future generations.
  • Principle of Ecological Balance:Organic farming must be modeled on living ecological systems. The organic farming methods must fit the ecological balances and cycles in nature.
  • Principle of Care:Organic agriculture should be practiced in a careful and responsible manner to benefit the present and future generations and the environment.

Advantage of Organic Farming

Why is modern farming unsustainable?

  1. Loss of soil fertility due to excessive use of chemical fertilizers and lack of crop rotation.
  2. Nitrate run off during rains contaminates water resources.
  3. Soil erosion due to deep ploughing and heavy rains.
  4. More requirement of fuel for cultivation.
  5. Use of poisonous bio-cider sprays to curb pest and weeds.
  6. Cruelty to animals in their housing, feeding, breeding and slaughtering.
  7. Loss of biodiversitydue to mono culture.
  8. Native animals and plants lose space to exotic species and hybrids.

Features of Organic Farming

  • Protecting soil quality using organic material and encouraging biological activity.
  • Indirect provision of crop nutrients using soil microorganisms.
  • Nitrogen fixation in soils using legumes.
  • Weed and pest control based on methods like crop. Rotation, biological diversity, natural predators, organic manures and suitable chemical, thermal and biological intervention.
  • Rearing of livestock, taking care of housing, nutrition, health, rearing and breeding.
  • Care for the larger environment and conservation of natural habitats and wildlife.

 

Importance of Organic Farming

  • Protecting soil quality using organic material and encouraging biological activity.
  • Indirect provision of crop nutrients using soil microorganisms.
  • Nitrogen fixation in soils using legumes.
  • Weed and pest control based on methods like crop rotation, biological diversity, natural predators, organic manures and suitable chemical, thermal and biological intervention.
  • Rearing of livestock, taking care of housing, nutrition, health, rearing and breeding.
  • Care for the larger environment and conservation of natural habitats and wildlife.
  • The population of the planetis skyrocketing and providing food for the world is becoming extremely difficult.
  • The need of the hour is sustainable cultivation and production of food for all.
  • The Green Revolution and its chemical based technology are losing its appeal as dividends are falling and returns are unsustainable.
  • Pollutionand climate change are other negative externalities cause by use of fossil fuel base chemicals.
  • In spite of our diet choices, organic food is the best choice you’ll ever make, and this means embracing organic farming methods.

Here are the reasons why we need to take up organic farming methods:

To accrue the benefits of nutrients:

  • Foods from organic farms are load with nutrients such as vitamins, enzymes, minerals and other micro-nutrients compare to those from conventional farms.
  • This is because organic farms are managing and nourish using sustainable practices.
  • In fact, some past researchers collect and taste vegetables, fruits, and grains from both organic farms and conventional farms.
  • The conclusion was that food items from organic farmshad way more nutrients than those sourced from commercial or conventional farms.
  • The study went further to substantiate those five servings of these fruits and vegetables from organic farms offer sufficient allowance of vitamin C.
  • However, the same quantity of fruits and vegetable did not offer the same sufficient allowance.

Stay away from GMOs:

  • Statistics show that genetically modified foods (GMOs) are contaminating natural foods sources at real scary pace, manifesting grave effects beyond our comprehension.
  • What makes them a great threat is they are not even label.
  • So, sticking to organic foods source from veritable sources is the only way to mitigate these grave effects of GMOs.

Natural and better taste:

  • Those that have taste organically farm foods would attest to the fact that they have a natural and better taste.

Direct support to farming:

  • Purchasing foods items from organic farmers is a surefire investment in a cost-effective future.
  • Conventional farming methods have enjoy great subsidies and tax cuts from most governments over the past years.
  • This has led to the proliferation of commercially produced foods that have increase dangerous diseases like cancer.
  • It’s time governments invest in organic farming technologies to mitigates these problems and secure the future.
  • It all starts with you buying food items from known organic sources.

To conserve agricultural diversity:

  • These days, it normal to hear news about extinct species and this should be a major concern.
  • In the last century alone, it is approximate that 75 percent of agricultural diversityof crops has been wiped out.
  • Slanting towards one form of farming is a recipe for disaster in the future.
  • A classic example is a potato. There were different varieties available in the marketplace. Today, only one species of potato dominate.
  • This is a dangerous situation because if pests knock out the remaining potato specie available today, we will not have potatoes anymore.
  • This is why we need organic farming methods that produce disease and pest resistant crops to guarantee a sustainable future.

To prevent antibiotics, drugs, and hormones in animal products:

  • Commercial dairy and meat are highly susceptible to contamination by dangerous substances.
  • A statistic in an American journal reveals that over 90% of chemicals the population consumes emanate from meat tissue and dairy products.
  • According to a report by Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), a vast majority of pesticides are consume by the population stem from poultry, meat, eggs, fish and dairy product since animals and birds that produce these products sit on top of the food chain.
  • This means they are fed foods loaded with chemicals and toxins.
  • Drugs, antibiotics, and growth hormones are also inject into these animals and so, are directly transfer to meat and dairy products.
  • Hormone supplementation fed to farm fish, beef and dairy products contribute mightily to ingestion of chemicals.
  • These chemicals only come with a lot of complications like genetic problems, cancer risks, growth of tumor and other complications at the outset of puberty.

 any Other question about organic Farming comment below , Have a Good day 

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