Mango Farming Step by Step
Contents in this Post
Mango farming is a most long range cultivation crop with low cost. Mango considered as a King of fruits in the most important commercially grown fruit in India due to its wide range of adaptability. High nutritive value , richness or many more in mango fruits. So lets start how to Mango Farming Step by Step…
- Soil & Climatic requirements
- Integrated Nutrient management
Soil & Climatic requirements
Mango Farming is well in almost all the regions of the country from sea level to about 1,400 m.
Mango Farming is well in No high humidity, rain or frost during flowering period.
Mango Farming is well when It cannot stand severe frost, especially when plants are young.
Temperature ranging from 21 to 27 °C. It can tolerate a temperature range of 5 to 44°C.
Mango are good in places with annual rainfall in the range of 75 to 375 cm. Heavy rainfall prior to flowering induces excessive vegetative growth at the expense of flowering.
Frequent rains and high humidity about 80% during flowering and fruit set are not good for mango .
Mango comes up well on a wide range of soils which are deep minimum 6 feet and well drain except clay, extremely sandy, rocky, calcareous, alkaline and water logged soils.
PH range of soil is between 5.5 to 7.5 .
Deep soils rich in organic matter are ideal for mango cultivation.
Conventional spacing varies from 10m X 10m in the dry zones.
Poor soils where growth is less to 12m X 12m in heavy rainfall.
New hybrids like Amrapali and Arka Aruna can be plant at closer spacing in the northern Area.
Rectangular and hedgerow planting for increasing planting density is also suitable. Higher planting densities with spacing such as 6m X 4m or 4m X 3m could be attempted for higher productivity.
Planting is usually done during July – August in rain-fed areas.
And February – March are suiteble for irrigated areas.
Pits of about one cubic meter size are dug at the desir spacing during dry summer months and after expos them to sun for about 2 to 4 weeks, are refilled before rainy season with the original soil mixed with 20 – 25 kg FYM and 2.5 kg super phosphate and 1 kg potash.
Integrated Nutrient management
|Age of plant||N (Urea)||P2O5 ( Single super phosphate )||K2O ( Muriate of potash )|
|1st To 5th Year||73g (170g)||18g ( 112g)||68g ( 114g)|
|6th To 10th Year||73g (170g)||18g ( 112g)||68g ( 114g)|
|Then after||730g N||180g P2O5||680g K2O|
Care after planting , Watering and Plant Protection
Apply regular dose of chemical fertilizers as per schedule
irrigation schedul base on the type and climate normally at 1 to 10 days
use we decide 800 gram per acre to control dicot weeds
Spray of glyphosate 10ml + 20ml of ammonium Sulphate for 10 gram urea per litr of water on grassy weeds.
Nimbus product control most of the sucking insect pest spray of a contact
Spray of crop oxychloride. Carbandezine , Dithane M-45 and Dithane Z-78 controls most of the diseases in orchard crops.
Crops like vegetables, green gram and coaspea are beneficial inter crop.
Shad loving plants like ginger and turmeric can also be raised.
Soil exhaustive crops like sugarcane and maize, mealy bug favoring red gram , zine and potash. Exhaustive hybrid Napier are to be avoided.
Cropping – Flowering and Fruiting
Flowering and fruiting at 4th – 5th year protection are require like .. Flowering period in crop lats for 2 to 2.5 months. the diseases and insects can wipe out entire crop.
Prophylactic measures not only control pests well but leave no chemical resiues in fruits to get good price in the market.
Disease in Mango Farming
Anthracnose : It is a serious disease on leave and young shoots in rainy season and on fruits after harvest. The disease results in leaf spot.
Blossom blight : This disease causes heavy damage to the panicles. Panicles are infected by blossom blight, Infected panicles are shown in picture.
Leas blight : Yellow, pin head spots appear on the leaves and twigs of the affected plants. Enlarges discoloring surrounding tissues. Spots becomes dark brown with slightly raise , brown purplish margin and turns into ashy color.
Die back : Discoloration and darkening of bark some distance from the tip. This blackness advance. Young freen leaves start withering – first at the base and extends outwards along the vein. Show in picture.
Mango crops picking either prematurely or too late are more susceptible to post harvest physiological disorders and diseases than fruits.
Follow proper indices
- Most of the indices are size and shape of fruit overall color, and skin and flesh color , fruit firmness , soluble solid content, starch content , acid content etc..
The aim is the harvest fruits should not fall directly on the ground and get damage in the process of harvesting.
sorting the fruit done to the grade them into different size and quality and add value to them to fetch more price in the market.