Mango Farming Information Guide for Beginners
Contents in this Post
- Mango Farming Information Guide for Beginners
- Mango Farming Table
- Soil & Climatic requirements
- Planting – Mango Farming
- Integrated Nutrient management in Mango Farming
- Care about planting, Watering and Plant Protection
- Intercrop in Mango Farming
- Cropping – Flowering and Fruiting in Mango Farming
- Disease in Mango Farming
- Harvesting in Mango Farming
This all Information regarding the Mango Farming and Mango cultivation. A short information in this first table than attached all detail about the Mango farming in Detail.
Mango Farming Table
|Type||Perennial tree of medium to large size|
|Varieties in India||Chausa, Dusehri, Mulgoa, Langra Benarsi, Totapuri, Fajli, Alphonso, Amrapali, Badami, Banganapalli, Bombay Green, Chinna Rasam, Pedda Rasam, Roomani, Himsagar, Jehangir, Kalami, Kesar, Kishen Bhog, Komanga, Lalbaug, Maldah, Malgis, Mallika, Mankur (GOA), Neelum, Pairi, Rajapuri, Raspuri, Ratna, Safeda, Sammar Bahisht, Suvarnarekha, Vanraj, Alampur Baneshan, Nannari etc.|
|Propagation||1. Veneer grafting;
2. Approach grafting;
3. Soft wood grafting
|Grown Area in Inadia||All over India|
|Soil Requirements||All type of soils with good depth and drainage except black cotton soils.|
|Climate Requirements||Tropical and Sub tropical climate|
|P.H Require||5.5 to 7.5.|
|Planting Season||Rainy season|
|Manuring||10 kg Fym, 2.5kg bone meal, 1.0 kg potassium sulphate for 1 year old
5 kg FYM, 0.5 kg bone meal and 0.4 kg potassium sulphate per year till 10th year
|Irrigation||10-15 days interval|
|Harvesting||90-120 days from fruit set to maturity.|
|Weed Managements||Atrazine @4kg/ha /oxyfluofen (Goal)@800ml/ha as pre-emergent weedicide and application of Gramaxone (Paraquat) @ 2liters/ha|
|Yield/ha||8 tones/ha and may vary according to variety and locality.|
Mango farming is a most long-range cultivation crop with low cost. It is considered as a King of fruits in the most important commercially grown fruit in India due to its wide range of adaptability. High nutritive value, richness or many more in mango fruits. So let’s start how to Mango Farming Step by Step…
- Soil & Climatic requirements
- Integrated Nutrient management
Soil & Climatic requirements
Mango Farming is well in almost all the regions of the country from sea level to about 1,400 m.
Mango Farming is well in No high humidity, rain or frost during the flowering period.
It is well when It cannot stand severe frost, especially when plants are young.
Temperature ranging from 21 to 27 °C. It can tolerate a temperature range of 5 to 44°C.
Mango is good in places with annual rainfall in the range of 75 to 375 cm. Heavy rainfall prior to flowering induces excessive vegetative growth at the expense of flowering.
Frequent rains and high humidity about 80% during flowering and fruit set are not good for mango.
Mango comes up well on a wide range of soils which are deep minimum 6 feet and well drain except clay, extremely sandy, rocky, calcareous, alkaline and waterlogged soils.
PH range of soil is between 5.5 to 7.5.
Deep soils rich in organic matter are ideal for mango cultivation.
Conventional spacing varies from 10m X 10m in the dry zones.
Poor soils where growth is less to 12m X 12m in heavy rainfall.
New hybrids like Amrapali and Arka Aruna can be planted at a closer spacing in the Northern Area.
Rectangular and hedgerow planting for increasing planting density is also suitable. Higher planting densities with spacing such as 6m X 4m or 4m X 3m could be attempted for higher productivity.
Planting – Mango Farming
Planting is usually done during July – August in rain-fed areas.
And February – March is suitable for irrigated areas.
Pits of about one cubic meter size are dug at the desired spacing during dry summer months and after expos, them to the sun for about 2 to 4 weeks, are refilled before a rainy season with the original soil mixed with 20 – 25 kg FYM and 2.5 kg superphosphate and 1 kg potash.
Integrated Nutrient management in Mango Farming
|Age of plant||N (Urea)||P2O5 ( Single super phosphate )||K2O ( Muriate of potash )|
|1st To 5th Year||73g (170g)||18g ( 112g)||68g ( 114g)|
|6th To 10th Year||73g (170g)||18g ( 112g)||68g ( 114g)|
|Then after||730g N||180g P2O5||680g K2O|
Care about planting, Watering and Plant Protection
Apply a regular dose of chemical fertilizers as per schedule
irrigation schedule base on the type and climate normally at 1 to 10 days
use we decide 800 gram per acre to control dicot weeds
A spray of glyphosate 10ml + 20ml of ammonium Sulphate for 10-gram urea per liter of water on grassy weeds.
Nimbus product control most of the sucking insect pest spray of a contact
A spray of crop oxychloride. Carbandezine, Dithane M-45, and Dithane Z-78 control most of the diseases in orchard crops.
Intercrop in Mango Farming
Crops like vegetables, green gram and coaster are beneficial intercrops.
Shad loving plants like ginger and turmeric can also be raised.
Soil exhaustive crops like sugarcane and maize, mealy bug favoring red gram, zine, and potash. Exhaustive hybrid Napier is to be avoided.
Cropping – Flowering and Fruiting in Mango Farming
Flowering and fruiting at 4th – 5th-year protection are required like .. Flowering period in crop lats for 2 to 2.5 months. the diseases and insects can wipe out the entire crop.
Prophylactic measures not only control pests well but leave no chemical residue in fruits to get a good price in the market.
Disease in Mango Farming
Anthracnose: It is a serious disease on leave and young shoots in the rainy season and on fruits after harvest. The disease results in leaf spot.
Blossom blight: This disease causes heavy damage to the panicles. Panicles are infected by blossom blight, Infected panicles are shown in the picture.
Leas blight: Yellow, pinhead spots appear on the leaves and twigs of the affected plants. Enlarges discoloring surrounding tissues. Spots become dark brown with slightly raised, brown purplish margin and turns into ashy color.
Dieback: Discoloration and darkening of bark some distance from the tip. This blackness advance. Young green leaves start withering – first at the base and extend outwards along the vein. Show in the picture.
Harvesting in Mango Farming
Mango crops picking either prematurely or too late are more susceptible to post-harvest physiological disorders and diseases than fruits.
Follow proper indices
- Most of the indices are size and shape of fruit overall color, and skin and flesh color, fruit firmness, soluble solid content, starch content, acid content etc..
The aim is the harvest fruits should not fall directly on the ground and get damaged in the process of harvesting.
sorting the fruit done to the grade them into different size and quality and add value to them to fetch more price in the market.
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