Ladies Finger Farming
Contents in this Post
- Ladies Finger Farming
- Introduction of Ladies Finger Farming
- How Can Ladies Finger Farming?
- Fertilizers and Nutrition requirements in Ladies Finger Farming
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Introduction of Ladies Finger Farming
- Ladies Finger Farming has a good demand in the market around all the season of a year. So the best option is a growth of Ladies Finger Farming. Ladies Finger is a popular vegetable in India. This vegetable that keeps on going all summer long. Ladies finger also known as Okra and Bhindi Vegetable.
- Ladies Finger is a vegetable crop which can be predominantly grown in tropics and subtropics. Lady Finger vegetable cultivation family is Malvaceae, The Botanical name is Abelmoschus esculentus.
- Indian cultures call okra “Ladies Fingers” because of the long, narrow pods, which are the edible part of the okra plant.
- The stem of the plant is used for the extraction of the fiber. Most regions can grow the annual vegetable but in warm climates such as the U.S of Agricultural plant hardiness zones 8 to 1.
- Other Cultivation Country is Nigeria, Egypt, Pakistan, Cameroon, Benin, Ghana, and Saudi Arabia.
- The major Ladies finger farming in India state are- Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Odessa, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka.
- Ladies Finger can grow tree-size and produce pods for up to one year.
- Ladies Finger Farming is profitable even for the small scale from owners.
- Tender green fruits are a cook in curry and are used in soups. The root and stem are useful for clearing cane juice in preparation of Jiggery. Ladies finger said to be useful against genitor-urinary disorders and chronic dysentery.
- Ladies Finger has a good potential as a forging exchanger crop and accounts for 65% of the export of fresh vegetables.
Grown Areas of Ladies Finger Farming In India
- India is the largest producer of Ladies finger farming in Asia as well as in the world. It is also used as a vegetable in Brazil, West Africa and many other countries in Asia.
- In India, major Ladies Finger growing states are Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal.
Nutritive and Medical Value of Ladies Finger
- The Nutritional value of 100g of edible Ladies Finger is characterizing the 1.9g protein, 0.2g fat, 6.4g carbohydrate, 0.7g minerals, and 1.2g fibers. It has a good amount of dietary fiber as well. You can keep your digestive system well functioning by consuming the ladies finger is full of dietary fiber.
- Ladies Finger is good for preventing diabetes. It can use cholesterol level under control. They can help you to prevent the kidney diseases. Ladies Finger is good sources of Vitamin C which can help you to get a clear skin.
- It can help you to stay away from the blood clotting problem as it is a rich source of the vitamin K. It is also good for the skin. Ladies Finger can help you to fight against constipation.
- Also reducing the risk of sunstroke by consuming the Ladies finger insufficient amount. Ladies Fingers can help in Asthma. Ladies Finger can help you to get thick and nourished hair.
- It can use moisturize the scalp and keep in nourished as well. Ladies Finger is an excellent source of iodine and is useful for the treatment of goiter. Ladies Finger is also used in weight loss and improving eyesight and immune power.
- Dry fruit contains 12 to 22% edible oil and 20 to 25% protein and is used for refined edible oil. Dry fruit skin and fibers are used in the manufacture of paper, cardboard, and fibers. These good qualities of the Ladies Fingers can help you to a healthy living at the same time.
Varieties of in Ladies Finger India
The crops varieties are Kamini, Pusa Makhamali, Prabhani Kranti, Pusa Swaani, Vagmi, Padmini, etc are common cultivate Ladies Finger Varieties in Farming.
How Can Ladies Finger Farming?
Before start work a 3 inch layer of compost into the top 6 to 8 inches of soil to add fertility and improve drainage.
Sow Ladies finger seeds in early summer, at least four weeks after all danger of frost gas pass.
Night temperatures should not fall below 60 degrees Fahrenheit.
Plant them at a depth of 0.5 inches, at a spacing of 6inches apart within rows.
Rows should be at least24 inches apart.
Water the planting area lightly.
Thin Ladies Finger seedlings to at least 12 inches apart when they are 3 inches tall.
Choose the hardiest looking seedlings and remove the res by cutting the seedlings at the soil line.
Keep the soil in the Ladies Finger bed consistently moist until the plant flowers.
Supplement water with a hose or drip irrigation system during periods of low rainfall.
The water of Ladies Finger plants less frequently after them producer flowers.
The stems are prone to rotting if soil conditions are too damp.
Side-dress the plants with additional compost about 30 days after sowing seeds.
Lay a narrow band of compost a few inches in front of each Ladies Finger row, then water to allow the nutrients to begin leeching into the soil.
Monitor Plants for signs of aphids and flea beetles, which include chewed-looking foliage and stunt plant growth.
Set a hose to a strong spray to knock these pests from the Ladies Finger Plants.
Also, remove stem and leaves.
Begin picking Ladies Finger about 50 days after sowing seeds, after the plant’s petals fall.
To decrease the pod’s tendency to have a slimy texture, they should be no longer than 4 inches at harvest.
Remove the pods with about 1 inch of stem attach using sharp pruning shears.
Growing Requirement in Ladies Finger Farming
Ladies Finger Farming warm and humid conditions for good growth.
This vegetable can be brown yearlong throughout Asia and in India it can be grown in summer months and during the monsoon.
It is susceptible to low temperature.
It can be grown successfully under the temperature ranging between 25-30 C.
The Ladies Finger plants grow taller in the rainy season than in the warm summer.
For seed germination optimum soil temperature and a temperature range 25 and 30 C
Seeds fail to germinate below 17 C.
At a temperature above 42 C flower buds in most of the cultivars may desiccate and crop causing yield losses.
Bhendi is highly susceptible to frost injury.
Sunlight regularly to keep the soil uniformly moist and particularly more from the beginning of the flowering period and until the end of the production.
The spring-summer crop may need two or three wedding and hoeing but the rainy season crop may need frequent weeding.
Proper weed management in Ladies Finger farming saves 90% crop losses report due to weeds.
Fluchloralin 1.5 kg/ha as per sowing soil incorporation.
Suitable soil/Land Preparation for Ladies Finger Farming
Sandy to Clay soils, so long as those as well manure supply with enough organic matter and with good drainage are fit for Ladies Finger Farming.
For best yield, soil ph should range between 6.0-6.8.
Because of maximum nutrient uptake through roots, in most of the cultivars.
Pusa Sawani is adapt to larger ph range and has some tolerant to salinity.
The land should be well prepared by one deep plow and 3-4 normal ploughings.
The plant has well-developed tap root system and is a heavy feeder and as such soil should also be made rich in organic matter content.
Well, rotten farmyard manure should be incorporated at soil preparation.
Level the soil at last ploughings.
Seed treatment by soaking in 0.2% basting solution helps in activating the germination process and inutility protects seedlings from the soil-borne disease.
Soil treatment with furadan 2kg/ha helps in protecting plants from root-knot nematode and other root and shoot pests during initial 4-5 weeks.
Soil treatment with weedicides should be done as per directives specific to the chemical being used.
Alternatively, you use the fertilizers if you can use these organic manures in a better way.
Best Planting season for Ladies Finger Farming
Mainly the optimum time of seed sowing varies greatly depending upon climate, varieties and their temperature requirement for growth.
Normally the crop is sown between January-March and June-August.
The exact month of sowing depends on the region.
Spacing Between Plants in Ladies Finger Farming
It depends on you choose which method for growing the Muskmelon fruit farming.
These are four methods of sowing in muskmelon cultivation.
Deep Pit method, Shallow Pit method, Mound Method, Ridge Method.
Ridge Method in the muskmelon seeds is shown on sides of raised beds.
Deep Pit method: This method is best for muskmelon farming. And also best for river bed sowing. With 60 to 70 cm in diameter and 1.0 to 1.5 m. the depth of circular pits should be dug at a distance 1.6 to 2.5-meter distance in both ways.
Fertilizers and Nutrition requirements in Ladies Finger Farming
The crop is manured with FYM@ 15-20 tons/ha and N: P:K 125:75:60 kg/ha.
One-third N along with other fertilizers should be given as basal and rest N
Should be top dressed in two split doses at 30 days after sowing and at flowering.
The spring-summer crop may need two or three wedding and hoeing but
The rainy season crop may need frequent weeding.
Proper weed management in okra saves 90 percent crop losses reported due to weeds.
Fluchloralin (Basalin 48 EC) @ 1.5 kg a.i./ha as pre sowing soil incorporation and pendimethalin (Stomp 30EC) @ 0.75 kg a.i./ha as post emergence is recommended.
You need to apply well-decomposed farmyard manures at a quantity of 12 tons per hectare of land.
While you are showing you should add N and other chemicals which are very much required for proper growth of the seeds.
In the case of fertilizers, you can very well add nitrogen fertilizers like calcium ammonium nitrate, urea, and ammonium sulfate in proper quantity.
Water supply/Irrigation in Ladies Finger Farming
Seed should be sown when the soil is moist.
First irrigation is required at the initiation of the first true leaf during spring summer and its expansion during Kharif (rainy) season.
After fruit set, water requirement is critical.
Flooding or wilting of plants should be avoided.
Drip gives considerable yield increase and saves 70-80 % irrigation water.
This is why you should always resort to regular irrigation.
In other words, if you can do the irrigation process during an interval of 2 to 3 days then it will very much beneficial for the development of the fruits.
You should always resort to furrow method of irrigation.
This method is best suited for bhindi cultivation.
However, if you are cultivating the same in rainfall area then the crop can be cultivated as rain-fed.
Disease in Ladies Finger Farming
- Leaf Spot
- Squash bug
Inter-cropping in Ladies Finger Farming
Two or three hoeing may be done during the early stage of growth to keep down the weeds and to conserve soil moisture.
Two or three plants are kept at one place in the hills or beds by thinning the extra plant.
Storage/Harvest in Ladies Finger Farming
In general, harvesting every alternate day is advisable.
It takes 7-8 days from flowering to picking of fruits.
Generally, the consumer prefers small tender fruits of 7 to 10 cm long.
An average yield of 8 tones green fruits per hectare during spring-summer and 12.5 tons during the rainy season is ideal.
The crops that you have planted start yielding in the roundabout 60 days after you have done the planting activities.
When the pods are about 3 to 4 inches in height, then you should pick them up.
You need to harvest pods on alternate days.
This will ensure you good quality fruits.
You should always remove old pods from the plants, otherwise, it will reduce production
If you are maintaining good farm management practices then you can harvest 15 to 20 tons of green pods from each and every hectare.
You should handle the fruits very carefully and pack them in cartons.
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