Ivy Gourd Farming (Tindora Farming)
Contents in this Post
- Ivy Gourd Farming (Tindora Farming)
- Introduction of Ivy Gourd Farming
- How Can Ivy Gourd Farming?
- Fertilizers and Nutrition requirements in Ivy Gourd Farming
This Information guide is regarding Ivy Gourd Farming. In Hindi, this called Tindora Farming. If you are interested in Ivy Gourd Farming please read this full article. We covered all the information about Ivy Gourd Farming. so let’s start Ivy Gourd Farming…
Introduction of Ivy Gourd Farming
Ivy Gourd is a tropical perennial plant and belongs to the same family of Pumpkin. It grows in the tropical regions mostly. Ivy Gourd also knows as Baby Watermelon, little gourd, gentlemen’s toes and popularly known as “Tindora/Tondli/Kundru” in India.
The Ivy Gourd Farming man other countries like in tropical Africa, Malaysia, and other South East Asian countries, & China.
The Ivy Gourd is a vine basically. This vine has aggressive climbing properties and spreads easily over fences, trees, shrubs & other supports.
It can grow very quickly and also poses a serious threat to other plants.
Basically, this plant is an outdoor plant and these vegetables are being used in Indian dishes and their levees/stem/roots are used in Ayurvedic medicines.
The immature fruits are eaten commonly in many parts of the world. The plant is mainly popular fruits medicinal properties. It can be eaten as a curry, fried or in many other ways. These fruits are strip and green when immature. They can or cannot be a strip.
To increase the international demand, the cultivation must be done on a commercial basis. Proper cultivation techniques are available for the suitable farming of ivy gourd. By using the techniques, good quality fruits and leaves can be obtained.
Grown Areas of Ivy Gourd Farming In India
In India, this vegetable is widely grown in southern, eastern and western regions.
Mainly in states like Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Telangana and West Bengal.
Nutritive and Medical Value of Ivy Gourd
- For people looking to reduce fat from their body, Ivy gourd is the best solution.
- It increases the metabolism of the body and thus reduces fat.
- The Tindora can be very beneficial for persons with respiratory problems.
- Those suffering from respiratory issues must take ivy gourd.
- The Ivy gourd can help to control blood sugar levels.
- It is taken by diabetic patients.
- Ivy gourd is rich in Potassium.
- The potassium helps to maintain a regular flow of blood and also keeps the heart healthy.
- Ivy gourd contains laxative properties.
- Ivy gourds also use Ayurvedic practices in India.
- It is a good source of Vitamin C.
- Ivy gourd possesses curative properties is for asthma, jaundice, bronchitis & skin problems like leprosy, scabies, and psoriasis.
How Can Ivy Gourd Farming?
propagation in Ivy Gourd Farming
Ivy gourd is propagating through seeds. The seeds must be select properly. Only healthy seeds which are disease free must be select for sowing. The seeds must be pre-treat before sowing them in the soil. Pretreatment prevents the fungal and another such disease. It is better if the seeds are bought from a reliable source.
The seed propagation takes a longer time to germinate and mature. Therefore, ivy gourd is also propagated through vegetative methods such a by cuttings. The cuttings are raised in nurseries.
Planting and Transplanting in Ivy Gourd Farming
When they are suitable for planting, they can be transplanted to the main field. Healthy plants and cuttings must be used for vegetative propagation. For transplanting, pits must be dug in the main field. The pits must be exposed to the sunlight for about a month.
After that, it must be filled with farmyard manure and topsoil. The cuttings must be planted in the pits and water immediately. The seeds can be directly planted in the main field or can be transplanted to the main field from the nurseries.
The seeds usually take 3-4 weeks to germinate. In nurseries, they are grown under control conditions. After the seedlings have develops roots and few leaves, they can be transplanted to the main field. They must be planted carefully in the main field and water.
The seeds can be directly in the sown field. Any seed must be planted too deep in the soil. Any seed sowing equipment may use for the sowing of the seeds. While sowings, proper spacing must be given. There is no specific planting season for ivy gourd. This must be done so that the young plants can be protecting against harsh environmental conditions.
Varieties of in Ivy gourd India
Mostly two types like Striped Tindora and Non-Striped Tindora.
Other high yielding improves varieties of Ivy gourd in India like Sulabha, Indira Kundru-5 and Indira Kundru-35.
Growing Requirement in Ivy Gourd Farming
The ivy gourd is basically a crop of the tropical climates. The crop must not be grown at too high altitudes. Full sunlight is a need for the proper growth of the plants. It can also be grown in partial sunlight. In either case, the crop must not be exposed to extreme climatic conditions.
In winter, frost and extreme cold must be avoided. Too much rainfall is harmful to crop. A moderate rainfall is sufficient for the ivy gourd cultivation. The ideal temperature range of 20 C to 32 C is best for its growth, quality and good yield.
This vegetable can be cultivated throughout the year. However, peak seasons of fruiting are rainy season and summer.
Suitable soil/Land Preparation for Ivy Gourd Farming
The Ivy ground grows well in well-drain soils. The soil must be fertile and rich in organic matter.
The ivy gourd farming can grow in other types of soils also. Good soils must be used for Tindora Farming. The soil must be well aerated. The ph of the soil must not be extremely high or low. The soil ph of 6.0-6.5 results in the best yield and quality of the vegetable.
A Neutral ph of the soil is preferable for farming. The soil should not be too deep or light. The land must be thoroughly clean and made free of weeds and other materials. Plow the land until fine tilt is achieved and to kill any weeds.
Plowing makes the soil texture smooth. Farmyard manure must be mix with the soil after the last plow. Drainage channels must be made in the field. Apply any well rotten manure along with micronutrients.
Best Planting season for Ivy Gourd Farming
The ivy gourd can be planted any time of the year because no specific planting season for ivy gourd requires.
Mostly starting before the rainy season like June to July or in spring season like February to March.
As the ivy gourd plants are perennial, replanting is recommended after every 4 years.
The plant vines should be supported by 2-meter bamboo sticks.
The plants must be raised in the greenhouse when young.
Spacing Between Plants in Ivy Gourd Farming
It depends on you choose which method for growing the Ivy gourd farming.
The plant vines should be supported by 2-meter bamboo sticks.
Fertilizers and Nutrition requirements in Ivy Gourd Farming
A soil test must be done before the application of fertilizers. Base on the results, the fertilizers must be applied. Farmyard manure must be applied at the time of land preparation.
Too much chemical fertilizers’ must not be applying. It makes the soil dry and barren. The organic fertilizers must be applied along with chemical fertilizer is applied.
After each time fertilizer is applying, light irrigation must be given. Application of nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus in the right amounts is very important. To avoid micronutrients deviancy, a proper quantity of micronutrients must also be applied.
Water supply/Irrigation in Ivy Gourd Farming
The ivy gourd plants need more water while is it still young. Irrigate the plants immediately after plantation is done. During the hot summer season, this plant requires light irrigation 1-week interval.
Irrigation may not be required in the rainy season. Using drip irrigation will be beneficial to maintain adequate moisture during the flowering stage. In the rainy season, irrigation is not requiring.
In winter, the irrigation must be given a base on the soil moisture. As these plants are sensitive to water stagnation, make sure the soil to have well drainage to avoid water logging in the field. Watering the plants is extremely important during fruit formation and flowering time.
Disease in Ivy Gourd Farming
The ivy gourd is not seriously affected by too many pests and diseases. In case of disease and pest attack, appropriate chemicals must be used. Proper crop management must be practical to avoid such diseases and pests.
Seed treatment before sowing is also helpful. The insects such as mites, aphids, and caterpillars must be preventing. The fruits must be protected from the insects and pests as well. Spraying of pesticides must be done to avoid excessive pest attack.
Inter-cropping in Ivy Gourd Farming
The ivy gourd itself can become a weed problem if crop management is not done properly. The weeds from the ivy gourd crop must be removed at an early stage.
The weeds can be removed by hand. Chemical pesticides can also be used in case of extreme problems. Sometimes, cultural methods also work better.
Storage/Harvest in Ivy Gourd Farming
The ivy gourd is mainly harvested for fruits and vines. For vines, the plants must be picked when the leaves are fully mature. The fruits are eaten tender. So, the fruits must be harvested before they reach maturity.
The fruits must be individually cut from the vines. They must be carefully cut so that fruits are not injured. The ivy gourd vines and leaves must be sold fresh in the market.
If it is not done, they will dry out and quality will decrease. Immediately after harvesting, they must be cleaned and stored properly.
The Tindora plant starts flowering after 2moths of planting. The average yield of 12 to 15 tons per hectare can be obtained with good farm management practices. The fruits must be sorted out and graded based on size and quality.
They can be stored under proper storage conditions. After that, they can be put in boxes or cartons and sold in the market. For long distance or export purpose, the fruits must be packed appropriately.
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