Indian Beans Farming
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This Information Guide related to Indian Beans Farming, It’s also known as a LabLab Cultivation. If you are interested in Indian Beans Farming please read this information guide.
Introduction of Indian Beans Farming
- The Indian Beans is also called LabLab.
- The lablab is an important vegetable not only in India but also in other countries of the world.
- The Indian Beans Belongs to the family of pulses.
- The Indian Beans plants provide the soil with nourishment.
- The fruit is a wide and elongate pod which has seeds inside of it.
- The Mature seeds are eaten as pulses.
- The flowers, seeds, and roots can also be eaten as food.
- It doses the nitrogen fixation.
- The nitrogen fertilizer is not much need, therefore.
- The cultivation of Indian Beans can be very profitable if it is done properly.
- Indian Beans is using very much as food and a fodder for the livestock.
- It is rich in Protein. Also has many health Benefits.
- Therefore the demand for these beans is very high in the market.
- This vegetable is popularly known as “Sem”.
- It plants grown naturally in Africa and Bangladesh.
Grown Areas of Indian Beans Farming In India
- In India, major Indian Beans Farming states are Maharashtra, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana and West Bengal.
Nutritive and Medical Value of Indian Beans
- The lablab beans are rich in fiber.
- They help in digestion.
- They must be included in the daily diet.
- The Indian Beans is very good for people who have high cholesterol level.
- It decreases the bad Cholesterol from the body.
- It is also rich in Portions. They have help in the repair of were and tear of tissues.
- They keep the body healthy.
- The Indian Beans juice is used for the treatment of minor infection of throat and ears.
- Indian bean crop is use as animal fodder or green manure.
- It is also excellent for soil nitrogen fix.
- It is helps in weight loss.
- Fresh Indian Beans are one of the finest sources of floats.
- Fresh Beans contain a good amount of Vitamin C. 100 Gram beans provide 31% of Vitamin C.
- Also a Good source of Vitamin A and Vitamin Band no saturated fat.
- Indian Beans provide average amounts of minerals such as iron, copper, manganese, calcium, magnesium.
- Preventing fatty liver.
- Controlling appetite.
- Reduce the risk of Cancer and Better heart health.
How Can Indian Beans Farming?
- The Indian bean is propagating through seeds.
- The seeds must be bought from a reliable source.
- Only healthy and disease free seeds must be used for sowing.
- Before planting seed treatment compounds.
- This will prevent fungal disease and other diseases.
- The Indian Beans seeds can be directly planted in the land or can be transplanted from the nursery.
- The seeds are better planted in the main field.
- For sowing, ridges and furrows must be made in the ridges.
- In the main Field, pits must be dug out.
- Pits should have the dimension of 30cm*30cm*30cm.
- It is better if the pits are dug much before than sowing.
- After that, pits must be filling with topsoil mix with manure.
- About 2-3 seeds must be put inside each pit.
- After sowing, a light irrigation must be providing.
- The seeds must be planted 5-7cm deep inside the soil.
- After that, they must be lightly covered with soil.
- The seeds can be sown by broadcasting or dibbling.
- Any seed equipment cab is used for the sowing of Indian bean seed.
- Usually, the best time of sowing is the onset of monsoon and before.
- The seed rate depends on the variety of the seed beans.
- An average seed rate of 10 to 12 kg is required in the climbing type whereas in bushy type, 20 to 25 kg will be sufficient for 1 Hectare land.
- Regular weeding should be carried out in the bean plantation.
- Pests and disease can be controlled by a timely spray of insecticides whenever needed.
Varieties of Indian Beans in India
- In India, high yielding varieties of Indian beans like Deepali, Rajni, Dasara, KDB 403, KDB 405, Kankan Bushan, Phule Gauri, Pusa Early Prolific, Pusa Sem 2, Pusa Sem 3, White Flowered and Purple Flower Indian Bean, etc.
Growing Requirement in Indian Beans Farming
- The Indian Bean is a hardy plant. It widely grows in the wild.
- It gives a very good yield if grown under proper conditions.
- It is a summer crop and remains green even when the other crops have dried out.
- This crop is very much faster growing.
- A suitable variety must select base on the cultivar.
- The Indian Beans usually grows in the tropical and subtropical region.
- It develops the vegetative growth in the warm climate.
- During the cold season, the flowering and fruiting take place.
- Frost and extreme climate conditions must be avoided.
- An average rainfall of 700-2500mm is sufficient for Indian beans farming.
- The ideal temperature for Indian Beans farming is 18-35 C.
- The temperature must be in that range throughout the growing period.
- It can tolerate higher temperatures than most other types of Beans.
- To get a good yield, the modern methods of cultivation must be used.
Suitable soil/Land Preparation in Indian Beans Farming
- The Indian Beans can be grown in almost any type of soil it can be sandy, loamy, silt and clay soils.
- The soil must have a very good quality.
- Soil having a good content of organic matter is good for the growth of the Indian Beans plants.
- The ideal ph of the soil must be 6.5-8.5.
- Soils with the too high content of acid or alkali must not be used for Indian Beans cultivation.
- The soil must be a good drain.
- Waterlogged conditions must be avoided in the Indian beans crop.
- Therefore the proper soil conditions must be used for Indian beans cultivation.
- The land preparation for Indian beans farming must be done properly.
- If it is a new land, it must be clear of all the rocks and tree stubbles and weeds.
- After that, plowing must be done.
- The field must be plow till the soil texture is smooth.
- A good soil is a need for the cultivation of Indian beans.
- After plow is done, the harrowing level must be done.
- Proper quantities of farmyard manure must be mix with the soil to increase the fertility.
- Drainage system must be made in the field.
Best Planting season for Indian Beans Farming
- Mainly the optimum time of seed sowing varies greatly depending upon climate, varieties and their temperature requirement for growth.
- The Indian Beans can be cultivated throughout the year.
Spacing Between Plants for Indian Beans Farming
- The optimal plant population per acre depends upon the plant’s growth habit like compact, medium or spreading, sizes like small, medium or large at maturity, the vigor of specific cultivars, climate, soil moisture and nutrient availability, soil productivity, and intended use.
- Accurate spacing is obtained from sized seeds and precision seeders.
- An average spacing of 30cm*45cm must be given in the Indian Beans crop.
- Almost 25kg is enough for 1 acre of land in the Indian Beans cultivation.
Fertilizers and Nutrition requirements in Indian Beans Farming
- The well decomposes farmyard manure must be applied at the time of land preparation.
- After that, manure must be applying base on the soil requirement.
- A soil test must be done. It helps one to know how much and which nutrients the soil requirement.
- The main nutrients like nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus must be applied in split doses or needed.
- To avoid micronutrient deficiency, proper micronutrients must be also be applied.
Water supply/Irrigation in Indian Beans Farming
- The first irrigation in the farming of Indian beans must be done after sowing.
- After that, irrigation must be provided accordingly.
- In the rainy season, irrigation is not needed.
- If the rainfall is irregular, watering can be done base on the moisture content of the soil.
- In case, there is excess rainfall, the water must be drawn out of the field.
- It can tolerate dry conditions and drought.
- If the soil is too dry, watering must be done.
- If the soil is moist, watering must not be done frequently.
- Blue Butterfly
- Powdery mildew
- Leaf Spot
Inter-cropping in Indian Beans Farming
- Intercropping is growing of two or more crops of dissimilar growth pattern on the same piece of land and time.
- Intercropping will also help in soil improvement by fixing the nitrogen in the soil.
- Intercrops with finger millet, Groundnut, corn, bajra, etc.
Storage/Harvest in Indian Beans Farming
- The Indian beans crop will be ready for harvesting after 3 months of sowing.
- Harvesting can be carried manually on need base.
- Picking of beans is preferred in the morning or late afternoon for better quality.
- Yield always depends on the variety is grown and farm management practices.
- An average yield takes when grown properly.
- After harvest, the pods must be sorted out and pack.
- They must be clean before that.
- For the seeds, they must be collect, dry and kept in airtight containers.
- The pods can also be stored under specific storage conditions.
- After that, they must be packaged properly and sold to the market.
- For distance markets, they must be packaged properly.
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