How to Design Garden step by step

By | June 1, 2018

How to Design Garden step by step

The aim of this article is to help you select a site, size, and shape for a Garden and then to fill it with a harmonious combination of plants. mean How to Design Garden , we inform you step by step how to design garden.

We present this process as a series of steps in all that takes you from the mere notion that you want a Garden to a finish plan.

We want to emphasize at the outset that there is no single “right” way to make a garden.

Most experience gardeners follow guidelines similar to those we offer here, but others ignore them–sometimes to glorious effect.

Your taste and desires are what matter, not what your neighbor is planting or what a gardening magazine says you should want.

Have fun, and if fun happens to coincide with rules of design, fine. If not, that’s fine, too.

How to Design Garden

Think about what you want

  • The first step in designing a garden is to decide exactly what sort of garden you want. than you think How to Design Garden.
  • You’re unlikely to realize your dream if you’re not sure what your dream is.
  • Do you want to decorate a small square by the front steps with a few annuals, or do you long instead for a sweeping border bursting with perennials?
  • Do you want a garden that you can dig and plant in an afternoon and that requires little effort to maintain, or do you prefer a more ambitious project, a garden that will usurp at least a weekend at planting time and require regular attention throughout the growing season.

Choose a location for your garden

how to design garden

Where does a garden “belong” in the landscape?

A flower garden is not a self-contained unit.

It’s a part of the landscape, just as a shade tree is, or a flowering Crabapple or a bluestone patio, and as such it needs to be place where it will fit in with its surroundings.

A border plop into the lawn or stuck into a corner looks like an afterthought at best, a distraction at worst.

A good design is waste on a bad location.

Where will a garden provide the most pleasure?

If you plant a garden in order to enjoy it, then you should probably put it where you spend time outdoors or where you pass often–near the back terrace, along the driveway, at the foot of the front steps, or by the swimming pool.

You’ll appreciate your garden even more if you can see it from inside the house.

Rinsing dishes and tapping away at the computer seem less like drudgery when you can pause to gaze out the window at bright flowers swaying in the breeze.

Where is the nearest spigot?

A garden also needs to be within reach of a hose. it is important point in How to Design Garden.

Even in climates where rainfall is abundant, dry spells are inevitable

If you can’t supply water when your plants require it, you risk the unpleasant prospect of watching them gasp in summer’s heat.

What sorts of plants do you want to grow? Plants have basic needs that must be met if they are to thrive.

The most important of these are sun and soil.

The majority of flowering plants require full sun to reach their full potential.

Many will tolerate partial shade with little reduction in bloom, but the number of plants that thrive in full shade is relatively small.

The point is that if you dream of Iris and Peonies, Daylilies and Roses, Asters and Mums, you’ll need to put your border where it will receive ample sunshine.

If you put your border in shade, you must be preparing to explore Hostas, Astilbes, Heucheras, Hellebores, Ferns, and other denizens of shady nooks.

Soil type is the other factor that determines which plants you can grow.

Most plants grow best in a soil that retains moisture reasonably well while allowing the excess to drain away.

On the extremes are sandy soils that dry out rapidly after rainfall or irrigation and heavy clay soils that stay soggy long after the rain has stop.

If you site your border on a hot sandy bank or in a low, poorly drained area, you may have to abandon your list of favorites and do some research to discover plants adapt to your soil type.

how to design garden

Determine the size and shape of your border

  • If you are designing a new garden from scratch, however, you should aim to make it no less than 4 feet deep.
  • A 2-foot-wide strip along a fence or deck barely allows for a single row of plants.
  • A depth of four feet or more allows for a difference in plant height between front and back and for enough variety to hold your interest through the season.
  • In a few years, you may decide to deepen the border to eight or ten feet. Sixteen or 20 feet is not too much if you want to put large shrubs along the back.
  • Straight lines and hard angles suit formal designs, in which borders are given standard geometrical shapes (squares, rectangles, circles).

Mark and measure the garden

  • Help visualize the border-to-be, trace its edges with strings tied to stakes or a garden hose.
  • Step back and look at the area from various vantage points and adjust the lines to suit your taste.
  • When you’re pleas with the layout of your garden, take a can of spray paint and, following the string or the hose, paint a line on the lawn or the soil.
  • Then measure the dimensions of your border.
  • If your border has an irregular shape, take multiple measurements so that you’ll be able to reproduce the curves on paper.
  • It’s also important to note the relative position of anything that is to remain inside the border–a shrub or a boulder.
  • For example–and the location of nearby shade trees, hedges, fences, or other objects that might affect the amount of light that reaches your garden.
  • Look for plants adapt to your growing conditions.
  • The chart at the end of this article lists many good garden plants and, along with flower color, height, and bloom time, indicates their sun and soil requirements.
  • If your new garden will be in the shade and you’re at a loss for what to grow, we refer you to the list of plants at the end of the article that thrive with little or no direct sun.
  • Make selections according to the basic principles of Garden design.
  • Tall plants at the back, low-growers up front. A plant has to be seen to be appreciating, so it makes sense in most borders to put the shortest plants along the edge, long-leg plants at the back, and the rest in between, creating a gradual slope from.

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