Guava Fruit Farming and cultivation techniques

By | November 30, 2017
  • Guava Fruit is one of the most common fruits in India. It is quite hardy and prolific bearer. And it is rich source of Vitamin C and Pectin. Guava is also a good source of calcium and phosphorus. Guava Fruit Farming  is a commercially significant. Highly remunerative crop even without much care. Guava fruits can be consumed as raw and used in beverages, candies, ice creams, dried snacks, fruit bars, and desserts. There are many improved/hybrid/commercial varieties available to specific region. Guava fruits can be grown in pots/containers, back yards, greenhouse and poly houses. In Guava fruit Farming used high-density plantation and ultra-high denstion.ity planta

Guava Fruit

Guava Fruit Farming all Details for farmer

  1. Grown Areas of 

Guava Tree

  • Major countries in the world for Guava production are India, China, Thailand, Pakistan, Mexico, Bangladesh, Brazil, and Nigeria.
  • In India guava producing states are Bihar, Orissa, Karnataka, West Bengal, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu.
  • Uttar Pradesh is by far the most important Guava producing state of the Country.
  1. Nutritive and Medical Value of

Guava

  • Guava is good source of vitamins and minerals. This fruit is an excellent source of vitamin C, A and antioxidants which helps in boosting immune system.
  • good source of Potassium and low in calories and fat.
  • is rich source of soluble dietary fiber and hence helps in treating constipation.
  • fruits help lower the levels of triglyceride’s and bad cholesterol, hence these fruits are good for heart health.
  • It is helpful to brain function and weight loss.
  • Guava is good for preventing cough and cold and also good for skin.
  1. How Can Grow…?

Guava Plant

  • Caring for a Guava Tree. If you lucky enough to live in a region where guava plants grow outside, the tree should be planted in well-drained soil where its roots have room to spread.
  • Fertilize growing Guavas every one to two months while young and then the three times per year as the tre matures.
  1. Varieties of Guava Cultivated in India:

Guava Meaning in Hindi

  • There are many improved varieties including dwarf varieties suitable to each region.
  • Common names of Guava is Guava, Kuawa, Red Guava, Guayabo, Jam Phal, Amrud, Jama pandu, Peroo.
  • Pink Guava , Red Guava and now new invention is Pineapple Guava available in India and some other country .

  1. Growing Requirement:

  • Guava is grown under both sub-tropical and tropical conditions.
  • These trees can be grown up to an altitude of 1500 meters above mean sea level.
  • Low night temperatures in winter season ensure the best quality guava fruits.
  • Guava plants can tolerate high temperature during flowering and fruit development stage can cause fruit drop and lower the yield.
  • Guava crop can be production under both rain-fed and irrigated conditions.
  • When it comes to rainfall requirement for rain-fed crop, on an average 100 to 125 cm of annual rainfall is more than enough for growing Guava plants.
  • It is susceptible to severe frost as it can kill the young plants.
  1. Suitable soil/Land Preparation:

  • Being a hardy in nature, Guava plants can be grown in wide range of soils from heavy clay to very light sandy in nature.
  • However, they require well-drained, deep loamy, friable soils for good crop yield.
  • Avoid water logging conditions as it can cause the root rot.
  • Soil ph range of 4.5 to 7.0 is Guava Plantation. And Check the soil test, if you have possible as.
  • Land should be deeply ploughed, harrowed and leveled before planting.
  • Remove any weeds previous crops and land should be prepared in such a way that any excess water should be drained out.
  • This organic manure should be added in last plough during land preparation.
  • Dig the pits size of 1 meter* 1 meter* 1 meter and fill the pits with surface soil mixed with FMY or 25 kg of garden compost.
  1. Best Planting season:
  • Guava Fruit farming in Planting can be done throughout the year where proper irrigation facilities are available.
  1. Spacing Between Plants:

  • In Guava Fruit Farming Propagation is done by seeds, cuttings, grafting and air layering.
  • Seed propagation takes longer time; hence the most adopt propagation method is Guava production is grafting and air layering.
  • Field should be prepare before monsoon season starts. The spacing of plants varies from variety.
  • The spacing of plants varies of 5 meter* 5 meter or 6 meter* 6 meter is use.
  • Guava Fruit can also be planted in hedge-row system at spacing of 6 meter* 2 meter or 6 meter* 3 meter.
  • For high density and ultra high density planting, the spacing between rows and plants should be less.
  1. Fertilizers and Nutrition requirements:

  • planting is essential for high yielding quality provide by use of fertilizer.
  • Farm yard manure of 50 kg and N:P:K of 1 kg per tree in 2 split doses during March and October should be apply.
  • To increase the fruit yield, spray Urea 1% + Zinc sulphate 0.5% twice a year during March and October.
  • In case of boron deficiency soils, spray 0.3% borax during flowering and fruit set stage.
  1. Water supply/Irrigation:
  • Proper irrigation of any crop prevents the good plant growth and yield in Guava farming.

 

  • Guava plants require constant moisture in the soil in dry season from December to May.

 

  • It is do not require any water in rainy season. Water requirement and frequency depends on plants age and stage.

 

  • The first irrigation should be given immediately after planting in the field for root establishment in the soil.

 

  • Normally a Guava plants requires 15 to 30 liters per day. And the best irrigation method use is drip irrigation.

 

  • Drip irrigation provides efficient way of using water in regions where water is a major problem.
  1. Disease:

  • Mealy Bug
  • Wilt
  • Fruit Fly

  1. Inter-cropping:

  • In Guava Fruit Farming can earn extra income by use of inter-cropping during pre-bearing stage.
  • Legumes like green gram, yellow gram and duration vegetable crops like tomato, chilli, fernch bens may be cultivate as inter-crops.
  1. Storage/Harvest:

  • Harvesting time depends on variety grown.
  • Hybrid varieties take less time to reach harvesting stage.
  • Usually plants propagate through air layering come to bearing in 2-3 years.
  • However, they attain full bearing capacity at the age of 8-10 years.
  • Fruit plucking machine can be use to pick the fruits from guava trees.
  • On an average, One can obtain the crop yields about 25 tones/ha.

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