Guar Farming (Cluster Beans Farming)
Contents in this Post
- Guar Farming (Cluster Beans Farming)
- Introduction of Guar Farming (Cluster Beans Farming)
- How CanGrow Guar Farming?
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Introduction of Guar Farming (Cluster Beans Farming)
- Guar belongs to the family of “Leguminaceae” and its botanical name is “Cyamous tetragocalobe L. Taub”.
- Guar Farming is an annual legume crop and one of the famous vegetable In India.
- In India popularly known as “Guar.”
- Also Cultivated for Green manure because guar planting increases subsequent crop yields, as this legume crop conserves soil nutrients.
- It is grown in all plants of India.
- The Guar seeds have three parts. First is Germ, second is Endosperm and third is Husk.
- The very famous guar gum use in mining, petroleum drilling, and textile manufacturing, is obtained from the endosperm of the guar seed.
- Guar Farming is popular in India and countries like Africa, Pakistan etc.
Grown Areas of Guar Farming (Cluster Beans) In India
- Guar farming is grown in all over India.
- But Rajasthan is the biggest producer of Guar Farming.
Nutritive and Medical Value of Guar (Cluster Beans)
- Guar is the only source of guar gum, which is 75% of dietary fiber.
- Guar is low in calories; it also contains vitamin C, K, and manganese.
- It contains vitamin A, potassium and iron making it a rich dietary fiber.
- Resolve Anemia.
- It helps in losing weight when including in your daily diet.
- This basically helps in controlling the rapid fluctuations in Blood sugar levels.
- It also increases the health of your teeth by fighting infections.
- During pre-pregnancy and post-pregnancy there are umpteen requirements pertaining to minerals, vitamins, calcium etc.
- Improves blood circulation.
- Improves cardiac health.
- Controls blood pressure.
- Reduce the risk of Cancer and Better heart health.
How CanGrow Guar Farming?
- Quality of seeds is of utmost importance for maintaining optimum plant stand.
- Certified seed of improved varieties obtain from reliable sources should be used for sowing.
- Seed produced by the farmers should be grade before sowing.
- Discard very small, shriveled and damaged seed.
- Only bold seeds that are free from weed seeds and other impurities should be used for sowing purpose.
- The crop should be sown at the onset of monsoon in the first fortnight of July under rained condition.
- Delay in sowing after last week of July can cause a reduction in the yield.
- Under the irrigated condition, it can be sown up to the last week of July.
- Planting time also plays a very important role for the crop grown during the summer season.
- Last week of February to the first week of March is the most suitable time for Guar Farming for the summer crop.
- It has been observing that the majority of farmers follow the broadcast method of sowing.
- Ensure uniform germination, to maintain optimum plant population and easy inter cultivation operations, sowing should be done in rows.
- Sowing should be done in rows.
- Branch varieties of Guar farming should be sown at 45 to 50 cm row to row and 10 cm plant to plant spacing.
- Sowing can be done with the help of seed drill or cultivator.
- Pests and disease can be controlled by a timely spray of insecticides whenever needed.
Varieties of Guar (Cluster Beans) in India
- In India, Goma Manjari, Pusa Mausami ( good for rainy season/monsoon crop), Pusa Sadabahar and Pusa NauBhar (good for both summer and rainy season crop) are the famous varieties of Guar Farming.
Growing Requirement in Guar Farming (Cluster Beans Farming)
- Guar grows well in warm climatic conditions and this crop can be cultivated in both summer and monsoon or rainy season.
- This crop tolerates salinity and drought conditions.
- To get a good yield, the modern methods of cultivation must be used.
Suitable soil/Land Preparation in Guar Farming (Cluster Beans Farming)
- Guar can be grown in a variety of soils.
- The crop grows best on well-drain, upland sandy loam, and loam soils.
- It does not thrive well on very heavy and waterlogged soils.
- It also does not thrive well in saline and alkaline soils.
- It can be raised successfully in the soils having pH 7 to 8.5.
- The field should be well prepared for good germination.
- It should be fine texture, free from weeds and not too many clods.
- There is no need of preparing an extremely fine field.
- The first plowing should be done with soil turning plow or disc harrow so that at least 20-25 cm deep soil may become loose.
- It should be followed by one or two cross harrowing or ploughings.
- The Ploughings should be following by planking so that soil is well pulverized and leveled.
- Properly level is required for good drainage.
- Drainage system must be made in the field.
Best Planting season for Guar Farming (Cluster Beans Farming)
- Mainly the optimum time of seed sowing varies greatly depending upon climate, varieties and their temperature requirement for growth.
- The Guar Farming can be cultivated throughout the year.
- Main crop sowing can be done during monsoon-like June-July and early Guar crop is sown from Feb to March.
Spacing Between Plants for Guar Farming (Cluster Beans Farming)
- The optimal plant population per acre depends upon the plant’s growth habit like compact, medium or spreading, sizes like small, medium or large at maturity, the vigor of specific cultivars, climate, soil moisture and nutrient availability, soil productivity, and intended use.
- Dibble the seeds on the sides of the ridges at 10 to 15 cm apart.
- Flatbed and spacing 60*30 cm are recommended.
Fertilizers and Nutrition requirements in Guar Farming
- The well decomposes farmyard manure must be applied at the time of land preparation.
- After that, manure must be applying base on the soil requirement.
- Guar farming needs a small quality of nitrogen as a starter dose during the early growth period.
- Guar requires 20 kg N and 40 kg P2O5 per hectare.
- The full dose of nitrogen and phosphorus should be applied at the sowing time.
- It is advisable to follow integrates nutrient management practices for guar Farming.
- About 2.5 tons of compost or Farmyard Manure should be applied at least 15days before sowing.
- Application of FYM or compost is useful for improving water holding capacity of this oil also to supply all the nutrients required for the plant growth.
- Fertilizer should be placed at least 5 cm below the seed.
Water supply/Irrigation in Guar Farming
- Usually, Guar Farming is grown as a rainfed crop in arid and semi-arid condition.
- The irrigation should, however, provide whenever crop suffers moisture stress if irrigation facilities are available.
- Life-saving irrigation should be given to the crop particularly at the time of flowering and seed formation stage.
- If the crop does not germinate properly, a light irrigation can be given at 6-7 days after sowing.
- Five irrigation can be given after the germination of the crop at an interval of 15 days.
- Drip Irrigation system can be adopted for effective use of water.
- Blue Butterfly
- Powdery mildew
- Leaf Spot
Inter-cropping in Guar Farming (Cluster Beans Farming)
- Intercropping is growing of two or more crops of dissimilar growth pattern on the same piece of land and time.
- Intercropping will also help in soil improvement by fixing the nitrogen in the soil.
- Intercrops with finger millet, Groundnut, corn, bajra, etc.
Storage/Harvest in Guar Farming (Cluster Beans Farming)
- Guar will be ready for harvesting in 60 to 90 days and the green pods can be harvest from the plant by cutting or twisting.
- Picking of green pods should be continued over a period of time as they continue to pop up as the plant grows.
- The yield depends on good management practices and variety.
- Averages of 35 to 55 tons much accede by per hectare.
- Also, Yield always depends on the variety is grown and farm management practices.
- An average yield takes when grown properly.
- After harvest, the pods must be sorted out and pack.
- They must be clean before that.
- For the seeds, they must be collect, dry and kept in airtight containers.
- The pods can also be stored under specific storage conditions.
- After that, they must be packaged properly and sold to the market.
- For distance markets, they must be packaged properly.
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