Cucumber Farming

By | January 1, 2018

Cucumber Farming in India all Details

Cucumber farming are very easy to do . make a more earning through this tips welcome to cucumber farming details .

  • Cucumber belongs to Cucurbitaceous family and Cucumber is an important summer vegetable crop cultivated throughout India.
  • Cucumbers are high in water and low in calories, fat, cholesterol and sodium.
  • Cucumber plant has a climbing or trailing habit.
  • The tender cucumber can be eaten raw or with salt in salad.
  • Cucumber is also used in daily cooking’s And Cucumber seeds can be used in oil extraction.
  • Cucumbers can be grown in greenhouse, polyhouse and in hydroponic system as well.

  1.  Grown Areas:-

cucumber grown areas and production in india

  • In India it is generally cultivated in Assam, Bihar, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Telangana, Kerala, Jharkhand and Andhra Pradesh.
  1. Nutritive and Medical Value:-

Benefits of cucumber water

  • In Watermelon amount per 100 grams are 1.5milligrams of Vitamin C, 76 milligrams of Potassium, 1.89 grams of carbohydrate, 8 milligrams of Magnesium, 0.34 grams of Protein, 0.06 grams Fat, and 49 grams of water.
  • It is good source of B vitamins.
  • Cucumbers rehydrate body and replenish daily vitamins.
  • Cucumber is good for skin and hair health. And also fighting cancers.
  • It is useful for weight loss and digestion. And also used for reduce cholesterol and controls blood pressure.
  • Cucumber is a versatile food that can be added to a variety of dishes.
  1. How Can Grow…?

       Cucumber seeds

  • Cucumber farming is done through seeds.
  • The approximate seed rate is about 3 to 4 kg per hectare land.
  • Mostly recommended to best the cucumber seeds with Carbendazim 2 grams/kg of seeds before sowing in the growing field.
  • Cucumber seeds are usually sown by dibbling method at a row-to-row distance of 1.5 to 2.5 meters and plant- to-plant spacing of 60 cm to 90 cm.
  • Two or three seeds should be sown in each pit.
  1. Varieties of Cucumber in India:

  • Cucumber varieties cultivated in different states of Kakdi, Sasha, Keera Doskaya, Savatekai, Sausha.
  1. Growing Requirement:

  • Cucumber crop is best suited for warm season regions and thrives best between 20 C to 26 C.
  • Cucumber is very sensitive to frost conditions.
  • Cucumber yield can be high in moderate warm temperature conditions.
  1. Suitable soil/Land Preparation:

  • Cucumber can be grown in wide varieties of soils from sandy loam soils to clay soils with good drainage.
  • Make sure the soil contains organic matter by adding organic compost or any farm yard manure for higher yield.
  • Soil ph range should be 5.5 to 6.7 are best for Cucumber farming optimum growth level.
  • Land should be prepared well enough to remove any weeds from previous cops.
  • Giving 3 -4 ploughings will get the soil to fine tilth stage and from long channels at 1.5 m apart.
  1. Planting season:

  • Sow the cucumber seeds during June or January to April.
  • About 3 kg of cucumber seeds are required for a hectare.
  1. Spacing Between Cucumber Plants:

  • Many variations of plant spacing are used.
  • The rows are spaced 4-6 feet to allow space for spraying and harvesting in trellised fields.
  • Plant spacing within the row is 1-5 feet, depending on the number of plants per hill, and on vine vigor of the particular cultivar.
  • Greenhouse and Hydroponic grown cucumbers are generally planted closer, and may require pruning.
  1. Fertilizers and Nutrition requirements:

  • As part of organic manure, supplement the field with 25 tones well decomposed FYM should be added at the time of soil preparation.
  • 50 kg N, 25 kg P/ha should be given ½ N and full phosphorus should be given at the time of sowing seeds.
  • Remaining half N should be given 30 days after sowing the seeds.
  1. Water supply/Irrigation in Cucumber:

  • Generally summer crop requires Frequent irrigations to maintain enough soil moisture during its growth and development whereas rainy season crop does not require any irrigation.
  • Irrigation the main field before dibbling the seeds and subsequent irrigations should be given once a week depending on the soil moisture.
  • Drip Irrigation is most effective method for cucumber farming.
  • Install drip system with main and sub-main pipes and place the inline lateral tubes at an interval of 1.5 meter.
  • Place the drippers in lateral tubes at an interval of 60-50 cm respectively.
  • For summer crop irrigation should be given to maintain moisture and for rainy season crop irrigation is needed.
  • No irrigation is given in rainy season crop.
  1. Disease:

Cucumber Diseases and Solution 

  1. Inter-cropping:

  • This Cucumber farming idea with intercropping other small plants idea is good for her/him revenge.
  1. Storage/Harvest:

  • Timely picking is more important in regard to quality.
  • Harvesting can be done at 40-45 days after sowing.
  • On an average of 8-10 harvests can be done.
  • Any sharp object can be used to collect without damaging the vine.
  • Wash water management practices should be an important consideration during the handling process to prevent the spread of postharvest disease.
  • Recommended storage for cucumbers includes temperatures between 10-13C and 90-95 relative humidity.
  • Average storage life is 10-14 days.
  • At storage temperatures above 13 C the fruit ripen and turn from deep green to yellow.
  • Chilling injury occurs when Fruit is held below 10 C for two daus or

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