Cherry fruit Cultivation information

By | November 24, 2017

Cherry Fruit Cultivation Information 

  • Cherry fruit cultivation can be an excellent food crop for backyard or small-farm setting. Botanically, the cherry fruit is a “Drupe”, Cherry fruit belongs to many plants of the genus prunes and packed with healthy nutrients and excellent antioxidants. Basically, Cherries are cultivated all over the world nut native to Europe and Asia regions. India occupies as 26 th producer in the list. Cherry fruit Cultivation requires cold condition, north east India is best suited for Cherry fruit cultivation.

Grown Areas in India:-

  • In India it is mostly grown in Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh.

Nutritive and Medical Value:-

  • Cherries are a good source of vitamin C and fiber.
  •  prevent muscle damage and improve brain function.
  •  may help you sleep better.
  • reduce the risk of heart stroke and protect from diabetes.
  • may slow the aging of skin and may prevent colon cancer.
  •  may ease arthritis pain.

Cherry Fruit Cultivation

How Can Grow…?

  • Put Two to three pits into a small container or soil filled with planting medium and water the seeds in time to time.
  • When the cherry seedlings are 2 inches tall, thin them, removing the weakest plants, leaving the sturdiest seedling in the pot.
  • They grew only 20 feet tall and bear fruit at an earlier age than sweet cherries.

Varieties of  Cherry Cultivated in India:

  • There are many varieties of Cheery fruit are cultivated throughout India.
  • Some of the most popular commercial varieties are Lambert, White Heart, Pink Early, Black Tararian, Black Heart, Guigne Noir Hative.

Growing Requirement:

  • As we all know that cherry grows well in cold climate conditions, it requires about 1200 hr to 1500 hr chilling period during winter season.
  • Cherry fruits are grown successfully at the height of 2500 meters above sea level.
  • In India, Cherry commercial cultivation is carried in the 3 states.
  • An annual rainfall of 100 to 125 cm is required for growth.
  • Spring frost should be avoided as the Cherry season blossom is sensitive to frost.

Cherry Fruit Cultivation

Suitable soil/Land Preparation:

  • For better growth and high yield if Cherries, proper soil should be selected.
  • The Cherry tree requires the deep sandy loam soil with the ph range of 6.0 to 7.5.
  • A well drained fertile soil with moisture holding capacity is best for cherry cultivation.
  • As the Cherry trees are sensitive to water stagnation, make sure to have internal well drainage in the soil is must required.
  • Avoid heavy soils in Cherry fruit or Cherry farming cultivation.

Best Planting season:

  • The Spacing of plants depends on the rootstrok used.
  • Plant Cherries in the late fall or early spring means when the ground is soft and has a higher moisture content.
  • For sweet cherries make sure the different varieties will pollinate each other.
  • Plant is a sunny site with good air circulation; avoid planting near trees or buildings that shade.

Spacing Between Plants:

  • Space sweet cherries 35 to 40 feet apart; dwarfs, 5 t0 10 feet apart.
  • cherries 20 to 25 feet apart; dwarfs, 8 to 10 feet apart.

Fertilizers and Nutrition requirements:

  • Cherry plants require good organic and in organic fertilizers for quality fruit set.
  • In case of fully grown Cherry tress, application of at 1 years of tree age, 10 kg farm yard manure, 200 grams of nitrogen, 160 grams of Phosphate and 100 grams of potash per each Cherry tree is recommended for better yield and quality.

Water supply/Irrigation:

  • In India, Cherries are grown under rain-fed conditions.
  • However, in areas where annual rainfall is less and uneven distribution of rain is expected, cherry plants are required to irrigate frequently to maintain the moisture of cherry plants.
  • Especially at the time fruit development, Cherry trees need to be irrigated at weekly interval for better fruit quality and size.
  • Irrigation should be carried in hot weather climate conditions like Apr to May.
  • Drip irrigation can be good as best water management practice.

Disease:

  • Aphids
  • Caterpillars
  • Brown Rot
  • Black knot
  • Japanese Beetles

Cherry Fruit Cultivation

Inter-cropping:

  • Inter cropping is possible with some fruits.

Storage/Harvest:

  • Determining the right harvesting time is crucial in cherry fruit cultivation.
  • The yield and quality of fruits are highly effected by stage of maturity at fruits are harvested.
  • Color and taste is the best method to pick the fruits in right time.

 

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