Cantaloupe Disease and Treatment solution

By | January 15, 2018

Cantaloupe Disease and Solution

  • Cantaloupe Disease , major Disease like Anthracnose , Downy Mildew , Gummy Stem Blight , Charcoal Rot and  Powdery Mildew.
  1. Grown Areas In India:-

  • In India it is generally cultivated in Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
  1. Major Disease: (Cantaloupe Disease)

  • Anthracnose
  • Downy Mildew
  • Gummy Stem Blight
  • Charcoal Rot
  • Powdery Mildew

Cantaloupe Disease

Cantaloupe Farming

  1. Anthracnose:

Anthracnose

image source projects.ncsu.edu

  • Anthracnose Are spots on the foliage that begin as yellowish or water soaked areas.
  • Spots enlarge and turn brown to black in colour.
  • Diseases tissue dries and the center of the spots fall out, giving the leaf a “Shot-hole” appearance.
  • Diseases on fruits consist of circular, black, sunken, cankers varying in size depending on the host plant.
  • When suitable moisture is present, the center of the spot is surrounded by a pink mass.
  • The fungus overwinters on old cucurbit vines and residues. It may also be seed-borne.
  • Plants may be infects at any stage of growth.
  • Disease appearance in the field depends mainly on rainy, cool weather for a period of several days.
  • Preventative Fungicide applications will protect plants against infection.
  1. Downy Mildew:

  • Angular yellow spots appear on the upper surface of the leaf during periods of high humidity.
  • The underside of leaves, opposite of the yellow spots, become covered with grayish growth which is the spore producing structures of the fungus.
  • This growth is more notice early in the morning when heavy Humidity.
  • Cool temperatures along with free moisture are ideal for Mildew infection and spread.
  • Hot, dry weather may reduce or stop disease development.
  • Avoid diseases of Downy mildew use of the copper hydroxide Fungicides.
  1. Gummy Stem Blight:

Gummy Stem Blight

image source www.gardeningknowhow.com

  • Gummy Stem Blight occurs by the Fungus pseudoperonospora cubenis is a leaf disease that may be serious during mid to late season.
  • This fungus infects leaves and stems, and is more prominent in the crown at soil level.
  • Leaf symptoms begin with irregular spots that dry and drop out giving the lesion a rag appearance.
  • The most phase of disease is the brown exudation in the crown of infects plants.
  • Once the fungus become establish millions of spores are reduce which can be readily disseminate to other plants by rain, wind or mechanical equipment.
  • Crop rotation should be practice.
  • Spraying with methyl, benomyl fungicide has also to be effective.
  1. Charcoal Rot:

Charcoal Rot

Image source is www.apsnet.org

  • First symptoms are dying of leaves close to crown.
  • As the disease progresses entire runners wilt and die.
  • Close observation of the crown will reveal brown cankers on the stems both below and above the soil line.
  • Black, hard bodies produce by the fungus, known as sclerotia, are found on the surface of the cankers.
  • Crop rotation may be of limit use since the fungus affects a large number of hosts, including corn and grain sorghum.
  • Dry conditions are normally associate with charcoal rot.
  1. Powdery mildew:

  • Powdery mildew is most common disease on the fruits production.
  • Cantaloupe Disease Powdery mildew caused by the fungus Sphaerothnea, is a major disease of muskmelons.
  • Of all the disorders of muskmelons, powdery mildew is the simplest to diagnose.
  • It is same of Downy mildew. Doesn’t affect fruit but Affect the plants.
  • Neem oil is an excellent treatment, but increase air circulation around our watermelon plant by purn can be equal effective.
  • Overhead watering and poor air circulation can contribute to such problem.
  • Another problem solving is use of fungicidal sprays can help and other to avoid wetting leaves and use underground or surface watering method.

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