Ber fruit cultivation in detail study
Contents in this Post
- Ber fruit cultivation in detail study
- #Grown Areas:-
- #Nutritive and Medical Value:-
- #How Can Grow…?
- #Varieties of Ber Cultivated in India:
- #Growing Requirement:
- #Suitable soil/Land Preparation:
- #Best Planting season:
- #Spacing Between Plants:
- #Fertilizers and Nutrition requirements:
- #Water supply/Irrigation:
- Ber which is also known as “Indian Jujube” is one of the hardy minor fruit crops and suitable for cultivation in arid conditions. Ber fruit cultivation is native to India and is call poor man fruit in India. Ber fruit has an excellent health benefits. The commercial Ber fruit cultivation is growing day by day due to its demand, easiness of cultivation and less maintenance. This fruit belongs to the family of “Rahmnaceae” and genus of “Ziziphus”. Ber fruit cultivation Commercial plantations of bud Ber trees have now cultivate throughout India, and farmers are getting good profits as well. The Ber is one of the most common fruit trees of India and is Cultivate practically all over the country. The tree can, therefore give assure income even under marginal growing conditions and provides nutritious food at very low cost.
- In India it is mostly grown in Panjab, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Maharashtra, Telangana, and Tamil Nadu.
#Nutritive and Medical Value:-
- The fruits are very nutrition’s and are rich in vitamin C, A and B complex.
- Ber fruit helps in cancer treatment and also helps in relieving stress.
- Ber fruit has antioxidant properties.
- Ber fruit helps in blood purification and strengthening bones.
- Ber fruit helps in weight control and improving the immune function. Also helping in streamlining blood circulation.
#How Can Grow…?
- This fruit is a hardy fruit and grows well under any climatic conditions and up to an elevation of 1100 metres above mean sea leval(m.s.l).
- For best production, this fruit crop requires hot and dry climatic conditions.
- The Ber fruit crop tolerates high temperature and aridity by cessation of growth, leaf fall and dormancy stage.
#Varieties of Ber Cultivated in India:
- There are many varieties of Ber fruit are cultivate throughout India.
- Some of the most popular commercial varieties are Umran, Karaka, Sanaur – 2, Gola, Chhuhara, Ilaichi, Mehrun and Seb.
- All the varieties, Umran is the best one in terms of Quality.
- The newly plants should be irrigate frequently at an interval of 7-10 days depending upon the day temperature.
- The sprouts appearing on the trunk below the bud union should be regularly remove with sharp Secateurs.
#Suitable soil/Land Preparation:
- Ber plant grows on a wide variety of soils ranging from shallow to deep and from gravelly and sandy to clyey.
- The ber develops a deep tap root system within a short period of its growth, and as such to adverse soil conditions.
- Ber can also with stand alkalinityand slightly water-log conditions.
- It can , in fact, with-stand and often do better than most fruits on poor soils.
- Land be prepare by ploughing, harrowing, fine leveling and removing any weeds.
- Dig the pits of 60 cm * 60 cm* 60 cm and to prevent the termites, about 100 grams of 10% carbaryl or aldrex dust should be sprinkle on the bottom of pits.
#Best Planting season:
- Monsoon season offers best choice, for raising in situ plantation in Maharashtra and arid and semi-arid parts of our country, at a s[acing of 6*6 m.
- Protective irrigation during summer months will ensure the survival and good growth of the plants.
- Deheading these seedlings to ground level in the month of May helps to give new shoots by July.
- Patch budding these shoots in July helps to convert it into choice variety.
- In Nothern India, planting is done either in February-March or July-September at a spacing of 7-8 months.
- Pits are filled with top soil mix with 20 kg farmyard manure and 1 kg super phosphates.
#Spacing Between Plants:
- In a hi tech method you can grow even 450-500 plants per acre with the spacing of 3.6 m by 2.4 m.
#Fertilizers and Nutrition requirements:
- In case of fully grown Ber tress, application of 25 to 30 kg farm yard manure, 250 grams of nitrogen, 250 grams ofP205 and 50 grams of K20 per each Ber tree is recommend for better yield and quality.
- Generally, Ber trees are cultivate under rain-fed conditions.
- However, in case of irrigate crop, watering should be done base on soil moisture condition and weather condition.
- In hot long day season, irrigate the field twice a month.
- Ber Tree Leaf-eating caterpillars
- Ber Tree fly
- Ber Fruit borer
- Ber Tree Scale Insect
- Ber Tree Mealy bug
- Farmers can utilize the inter spaces in the Ber plantation for getting extra revenue.
- Under irrigated conditions, any vegetables crops can be grown as intercrops until the Ber trees are fully grown (3 to 4 years).
- Under rain fed conditions, legume crops like Moong, Cowpea and horse gram can be grown.
- Usually, Ber tree will be ready for harvesting 5 months to 6 months after flowering. To get early fruits, spray 750 ppm. 2-chloro-ethyl phosphoric acid. The time of harvesting depends on the region in India, October to November in south India, December to March in Gujarat, January to March in Rajasthan and February to April in north India. Under rain-fed conditions, fruit bearing starts from 2 year where as bud plants will be ready for bearing after 3 to4 years.