Bael Fruit Farming / Wood Apple Farming

By | September 15, 2018

Wood Apple Farming – Bael Fruit Farming Detail Study information guide 

This all Information regarding Bael Fruit Farming, if you want to know how to Bael Fruit Farming so Keep Reading this Information Guide Blog.

Introduction of Bael Fruit Farming 

  • Bael a native fruit of religious importance is well known to the Indian people for its nutritional and medicinal values.
  • Leaves are used to scare offering to “Lord Shiva”.
  • Bael Tree belongs to a genus of “Limonia” in the family “Rutaceae”.
  • Basically, Beal Fruit is round to oval, 5-12 cm wide, with a hard, woody, grayish-white, scurfy rind about 6 mm thick.
  • All parts of Bael tree like Bael leaves, roots, bark, Bael fruits, seeds etc. are used in the preparation of various Ayurvedic medicines.
  • Beal Fruit also call Wood Apple Fruit.
  • Fruit is one of the edible fruits native to India and parts of Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia east to Java.
  • Beal Tree can survive in dry regions with minimum water requirement.
  • Grown throughout India and can be cultivated along both peninsulas of the country.
  • Most of the people grow as side crop by planting on borders.
  • In India, Maharashtra grows some of the larger, sweeter varieties on large scale.
  • It is mainly found in wild and semi-wild condition throughout India.
  • Bael Tree is also growing in the homestead gardens, religious places, and farmer’s fields.
  • Bael fruit is rich in protein, fat, minerals and vitamins.
  • Fruits are used to improve the digestive system and cure stomach disease.
  • Also, Beal fruits can be processed into various beverages and preserves.
  • In South India, this fruit has significant religious importance in Ganesh Chaturthi.
  • Some people use them for culinary/ cooking purpose as well.

 

Grown Areas In India – Bael Fruit Farming

  • In India, Bael fruit is found growing along foothills of Himalayas, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Uttaranchal, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, and The Deccan Plateau and along the East Coast.

Value Of Bael Fruit And also other Parts of Bael Fruit Farming

  • The Bael Fruit pulp has detergent action and has been used for washing clothes.
  • Quisumbing says that Bael fruit is the employee to eliminate scrum in vinegar making.
  • The gum enveloping the seeds is most abundant in wild fruits and especially when they are unripe.
  • Bael fruit is commonly used as household glue and is employed as an adhesive by jewelers.
  • Sometimes it is restoring to as a soap substitute.
  • It is mix with lime plaster for waterproofing walls.
  • Drawing Artists add it to their water colures and it may be applied as a protective coating on paintings.
  • Beal fruit has also use of the hair loss treatment.
  • Main uses of the Beal Leaves in the Hindu Culture, the leaves are indispensable offerings to the “Lord Shiva”.
  • The Leaves are calling the Bel Patra.
  • Cologne is obtained by distillation from the flowers.
  • The wood is strongly aromatic when freshly cut.
  • It is gray-white, hard, but not durable; has been using for carts and construction, though it is inclined to wrap and crack during curing.
  • It is the best use of small-scale turnery, tool and knife handle, taking a fine polish.
  • Beal Fruits use to remove body toxins boosts energy level and metabolism.
  • It is good the pregnant women.
  • Beal leaves relieve joint pain and swelling.
  • Bael leaves cure Jaundice.

How Can Bael Fruit Farming?

  • Seedlings raise from seeds are not consider suitable planting material because of late bearing and not bring truth to the types which shoe great variation in form, size, edible quality and number of seeds.
  • For commercials orcharding, farmers are advised to use planting material produced by vegetative propagation methods like patch budding and soft-wood grafting.
  • Seedlings can be used as rootstock for producing true to the type planting material.
  • Rainy season is the best time for the Beal Tree farming.
  • However, planting can be done in spring season if irrigation facilities are available.
  • Dig the planting pits of 1m * 1m * 1m size at least one month prior to the onset of monsoon.
  • Keep the planting pits open for 20-25 days thereafter fill each pit with a mixture of topsoil and 10-15kg of FYM.
  • This may be followed by irrigations to settle down the soil in pits.
  • If Depression takes place due to irrigation, add pit filling mixture to the pit.
  • Plant the Bael sapling at the center of the pit and provide support to the plant.
  • Make a basin around it and irrigate gently.
  • Do mulching with dry leaves to conserve moisture.
  • Training and pruning are done during the early years of a plant to develop a good and strong framework of scaffold branches.
Bael Fruit Farming Information

Papaya farming – Information Guide

  • Cut the main stem at a height of 0.9- 1.0 m.
  • Heading back results in the formation of new shoots below the cut point.
  • Retain 3-4 well space and well orient new primary branches.
  • Do keep the tree trunk clean i.e. without side shoot up to 60-75 cm.
  • This requires for carrying out intercultural operations smoothly.
  • The primary branches become mature in 6-7 months.
  • After attaining the maturity prune these primary branches to their 50% length.
  • This inducer new shoot growth on primary branches. Retain only 2-3 secondary branches per primary.
  • The primary branches pruning is generally not advisable as this fruit crop bears fruits on one-year-old shoots.
  • Pruning is restricting to central opening and removal of weak, dead, disease, dry, criss-cross and broken branches after fruit harvesting and before the commencement of new flush.
  • Remove suckers from the rootstock time to time.

Varieties of Bael in India- Bael Fruit Farming

  • There is no improving cultivar for commercial cultivation.
  • Some varieties are Pant Aparna, Pant Shivani, Pant Sujata, Goma Yashi, Narendra Bael-5, Narendra Bael-7 etc.

Growing Requirements for Bael Fruit Farming

  • Bael fruit is a crop of subtropical origin.
  • It has got a wider adaptability and can perform equally well in tropical, arid and semi-arid regions.
  • The Beal tree require 35-50 C temperature, 174-200 cm rainfall, 35-45 C sowing temperature, and 10-12 C harvesting temperature.
  • Fairly rich and well-drained sandy loam soils with the sunny situation, warm humid climate are ideal for Bael tree.
  • However, owing to its hardy nature it can be grown in a wide range of soil like sandy, clay, stony, alkaline, salt affect soils and wastelands etc.
  • It requires pH ranging from 5 to 8.
  • Use warm soil i.e. 75-90F.
  • The Bael tree grows up to an elevation of 1,500 feet in the western Himalayas.
  • These trees require a monsoon climate with a distinct dry season.
  • Land should be prepared in such a way that there won’t be any water stagnation in the field as plants are most susceptible to waterlogging.
  • Remove any weeds from previous crops.
  • The Bael is generally propagated through seeds though seedlings will not bear fruits until at least 15 years of age.
  • Multiplication may also be done by root cuttings, air-layers, or by budding onto self-seedlings to Indus dwarfing and precociousness.
  • Suckers attack from rootstock should be properly removing time to time.
  • Too much weeding is not requiring in this crop.
  • First weeding is done in an initial stage of seedling growth and then next weeding is done when the plant is 2 years old.

Fertilizers and Nutrition requirements in Bael Fruit Farming

  • A plant produces a number of fruits hence the application of manures and fertilizers is beneficial.
  • Apply 10 kg farmyard manure, 50g N, 25g P and 50g K per plant to one-year-old plants.
  • This dose should be increasing every year in the same proportion up to the age of 10 years, after which the fixed-dose should be applied each year.
  • Half dose of N, a full dose of P and half dose of K should be given after harvesting the fruits.
  • The remaining half dose of N and K should be given in the last week of August.
  • Fertilizers application must be followed by the irrigation immediately.
  • It should be incorporated well in surface soil.

Water supply/Irrigation in Bael Fruit Farming

  • Though these trees require less water, it is mandatory to provide water for better growth and yield of fruit.
  • Basin ring system or drip system can be used in irrigation methods.
  • Young plants need to be water regularly in summer and one-month interval in winter for their rapid vegetative growth and establishment.
  • It bearing trees irrigation is not require in dry summer, as it sheds leaves and resists hot dry summers.
  • Irrigation can be applied at the time of new leaf emergence.
  • In case of flooding or heavy rains, make sure to drain out water as quickly as possible.
  • Bael plants are most susceptible to waterlogging; care should be taken to avoid such a condition.
  • Keep the plantation weed free.

Pests

  • Silver Leaf: Leaves develop a silvery sheen, cut branches revel red staining. Prune from the end of June until the end of August or in rare spring. Keep pruning cuts to a minimum, pruning regularly so cut surfaces are small.
  • Bacterial Canker: This disease occurs of sunken, dead areas of bark often accompanied by the gummy ooze. It can kill off entire branches. Also, burn or landfill the pruning.
  • Glasshouse red spider: Leaves become mottle, pale and cover in webbing on which the mitts can be clearly seen, leaves also drop prematurely. Use biological control in the greenhouse.
  • Birds: Birds in Pigeons mostly affects the apricot fruits. It can cause an array of problems including eating seedlings, buds, leaves, fruits, and vegetables. Avoid this problem by protecting the plants from birds by covering netting.
  • Drills: These are a worm’s type. It is attacked by drill device galleries that trace the host trees.
  • Big-headed Worm: It is a pest that affects many fruit trees. The main damages are caused by the larvae that build galleries in weakling the plant roots which eventually die.
  • To avoid this pest use as biological traps feronomas.

Diseases in Bael Fruit Farming 

Rust in Bael Fruit Farming:
  • A disease caused primarily by fungi of the genus Puccini and Melampsora, which use the excess humidity to thrive. It means as spots of orange or brown on the leaves. Then a yellow color in the part of the beam.

 

Moniliasis or Flower Blight in Bael Fruit Farming:
  • This affects flowers that dry. Also, produce a blacking of the fruits that are dry on the branches without falling. Apricot tree is infecting by the appearance of cankers on the branches and the sticky liquid oozing out of some parts of the plants.
Powdery Mildew in Bael Fruit Farming:
  • This Disease is caused by fungus or Podosphaea Sphaerotheca rate. The first attacks the fruit in summer and leaves in spring. It is produced by a white spider web on fruits, leaves, and stems. Over time these stains by infection with order plants that keep fungus in the winter and spread their spoors in spring.
  • Watering the tree itself will help prevent the disease because the water may be able to clean the spores.
  • In some location using a biological fungicide call AQ10.
  • It is the parasitic fungus Ampelomyces quisqualis that feeds at the expense of podosphere.
  • Do not use sulfur on Apricot trees.
Gummosis in Bael Fruit Farming:
  • It is a gummy substance oozing from the bark. Also causes from diseases to excessive pruning, failure of any component in the substrate, adverse weather conditions, injuries etc.
  • In many cases, the gumming is an adaptation of the plant itself that covers wounds to prevent invasion of external agents.
  • To avoid such an event should be sought and address the cause that produces it.
Eutipiosis in Bael Fruit Farming:
  • The most common disease also attacks the vine are often sudden fractures of branches in old trees and the sudden wilting leaves.
  • It is a cause that produces gummier in the wounds heal pruning.
  • Around the same is, in general, a lot of resin oozing chancre.
  • Then this disease center of the plant and ends up killing her.
  • Try to do the pruning day days to prevent the growth of these fungi and seek to reduce pruning old trees.
  • The solution is to use a fungicide paint that covers the injuries on the tree after pruning.
Peach Blight in Bael Fruit farming:
  • It is affected by the almond and peach trees but sometimes affects in the plum and apricots Tress.
  • It is produced by Fusicoccum amygdale that causes brown and elongate cankers’ at the base of the knots and yolks branches of the year, lead to the strangling of them and then death by the action of the toxins of the fungus.
  • Also attacks the leaves large brown spots.
  • Infection occurs through spores spread by rain penetrating wounds more or less large each of the parts of the plant or directly the young trees.
  • The solution of this disease removes the affected part of the plant and the use of Fungicides.

 

Inter-cropping in Bael Fruit Farming

  • Inter-cropping is a way of extra income.
  • Any Legume crops like beans, peas, green grams, a black gram can be grown as intercrops in Beal plantation during the rainy season.

Storage/Harvest in Bael Fruit Farming

  • Budded and graft plants start fruiting after 4 to 5 years of planting whereas seedlings after 8 to 10 years of planting.
  • Beal fruit takes around 8 to 10 months to mature and 10 to 12 months for ripe after fruit set.
  • Bearing in budded plants starts 5 years after planting and trees give 100-150 fruits/tree or 18-20 tons/ha at the age of 10 years.
  • Seedling trees require 8 years to bear fruits, giving 200-300 fruits/ tree or 20-30 tons/ha at the age of 12 years.
  • Beal is climatic fruit that can be ripe, off the tree, if harvest at proper maturity.
  • Maturity can be judged by the change in skull color from dark green to yellowish green.
  • Mature fruit should be harvest individually with 5 cm fruit stalk.
  • A full-grown means 10 to 12 years old bud or graft Beal tree produces on an average 150-200 fruits under good management practices.
  • After harvesting, grading is done.
  • Then fruits are pack in gunny bags or airtight bags to transport for long distances.
  • The fruits can be stored at room temperature for two weeks.
  • At 10 C it can be kept up to three months.
  • Artificial treatment is also given to store the Beal for a longer time.
  • From ripen Bael several products like juices, squash, jam, toffees, and powders are made after processing.
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