Avocado Farming

By | May 2, 2018

Avocado Farming

  • Avocados are an ancient fruits and origin at from America and Mexico.
  • These fruits are commonly calling “Butter Fruits” in India.
  • Avocado is the most nutritive among fruits.
  • The pulp is rich in proteins and fat but low in carbohydrates.
  • Commercial cultivation of avocados is limited in India and mainly south Indian states produce avocados.
  • They are use in salads and sandwich fillings. Also use of fresh fruit.
  1. Grown Areas In India:-

  • Avocado farming is limiting cultivar in Indian states.
  • Most off production of Avocado in Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Maharashtra and Karnataka.
  • Sikkim is the only north eastern state where avocados are grown.
  1. Nutritive and Medical Value:-

  • Avocados are healthy for heart. And are good for vision.
  • Avocados may help in fighting against cancer.
  • It is good for pregnant women.
  • It is use of weight loss.
  • Also use of lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
  1. How Can Grow…?

  • Avocado is propagating through seed in India.
  • Generally, the avocado viability of seed can be increase store the seed in sand 5 C store the seed in dry peat.
  • Mature seed apply direct sowing on nursery beds or polyethylene begs.
  • After grow seed for six months in nursery can be transplant to the main field.
  1. Varieties of Avocado in India:

  • West Indian race, Guatemalan race and Mexican race are main varieties in India.
  • Other some varieties in India are Green, Round, Purple Hybrid, Trapp and Long.
  1. Growing Requirement:

  • Avocado plants are  grown in the temperature range 17 c to 27 c during complete grow period.
  • Not need to cool atmosphere during its complete production.
  • Please make sure last temperature is 14 C for healthy growth of plants.
  • This fruit plants also requires a highly humid condition between Flowering stage and fruit setting stage.
  • Also note that Avoid water stress between flowering stage and fruit setting stage.
  1. Suitable soil/Land Preparation:

  • Avocado plants are grown in tropical and semi tropical both high water temperature areas.
  • It is not allow hot dry winds and frost.
  • They do well in true tropical to warmer parts of the temperate area.
  • These fruits can be grown on wide variety of soils except on poorly drain soils as these plants are very sensitive to water logging.
  • Avoid the saline soils as these plants cannot allow saline conditions.
  • The optimum soil ph range is between 5 to 7.0 for better growth and yield.

 

  1. Best Planting season:

  • Avocado cultivation to plant in the begin of monsoon season for the faster and proper build of seedlings in the crop.
  • Also note that never plant a new avocado plant is a place where an aged plant.
  1. Spacing Between Plants:

  • Generally a spacing of 10 * 10 meter to 12 * 12 meters is good for commercials avocado cultivation.
  • Use this spacing easily plant trees grow. And 100 tress plants per hectare land.
  • Less production when use of 12*6m, 8*4m, 10&5m for use of high production of fruits.
  • In Sikkim a distance of 10m * 10 m is prefer in June to July period on hill places.
  1. Fertilizers and Nutrition requirements:

  • Avocado crop responds very well to the heavy manuring, containing Nitrogen as major organic matter content.
  • Nitrogen, phosphorous, and Potash should be apply to the new appear seed in equal portion to the grown and older plants.
  • Fertilizers should be applying to the ratio 2:1:2.
  • Application of manure and fertilizers totally depend on soil fertility.
  1. Water supply/Irrigation:

  • Water applies after the plantation carried out for good establish of plants.
  • Irrigation should be done at a regular interval such as irrigating at 3 or 4 weeks.
  • In Hot and Dry season more require to irrigation. So be done at an interval of 2 to3 weeks.
  • To avoid moisture stress, mulching done in the cold season.
  • Mulching is using of cover the plants with dry leaves and grass.
  • Rainy season there is no need for irrigation on plants.
  • Drip irrigation is best for avocado farming. Because in avocado plants is very sensitive to water problems.

Banana Farming

  1. Disease:

  • Root Rot.
  • Bacterial Soft Rot.
  • Black Rot.
  • Phytophthora Root Rot.
  • Stem End Rot.
  • Pepper Spot.
  1. Inter-cropping:

  • Intercropping in avocado farming is possible  for extra income.

  1. Storage/Harvest:

  • Avocado plants grown completely in 10 years.
  • Now, some commercial varieties are stand up to fruits in 4 to 5 year of plantation.
  • You will be  proper time harvesting taken  out so higher fruit production is available.
  • There are two varieties of avocado. 1.Purple and 2.Green.
  • The purple variety change colour from purple to maroon day by day.
  • The green change to colour from green to yellow day by day.
  • Start harvesting when change from yellow-white to dark brown colour of fruit.
  • After harvesting it is fresh for 10 days.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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3 thoughts on “Avocado Farming

  1. Roopesh

    Hi,
    A good material to start with. We have around 6 acres of land near Bellary – Karnataka. As you might know, Bellary is a very hot place. Do you suggest that Avacado cultivation is possible in hot weather?

    Reply
    1. Shyamal Patel Post author

      Dear Roopesh avocado required heavy humid atmosphere. And up to 35 c temperature good . But i recommend to you start try with few plants. Good luck

      Reply

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