(Aonla) Amla Farming for beginners
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- (Aonla) Amla Farming for beginners
- Amla farming is a long life low maintain farming. Amla farming is a well done mostly in India. Amla Farming good profitable in dry area. Embelica Officinalis commonly known as Amla or Indian Gooseberry or Nelli is an important crop in India with high medical value. The fruit have the richest source of vitamin C (700 mg per 100 g of fruits) and is consider to be good liver tonic, also used in form amla powder .
- The various preparations using amla include Chyavanprash, Triphala churna, Laxative, Antibiotic & Anti-dysentric medical value.
- It has good demand from the industries for the preparation of various health care products also like hair oil, dye, Shampoo, Face creams and Tooth Powder. In India some people even make pickles with amla.
Amla farming in india
- In India it is generally cultivate the states of Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh etc.
- Vitamin C is an excellent anti-Oxidant and as amla is so rich in vitamin C, it has string anti- Oxidant properties and helps combat free radicals.
- Free radicals are unstable ions in the body, responsible for ageing and cell degeneration. Amla stabilizes hee free radicals.
- 100 gm of amla contains: 96 Calories, 1.2 gm Iron, 0.9 gm Protein, 0.1 gm Fat, 3.4 gm Fiber. So Amla is considered a powerful food for the brain.
how to plant Amla tree
- Fill seedling pots with a potting soil containg equal portions of sand, compost, and garden loam.
- Plant one Amla seed in each pot, placing each see a depth three times its diameter in the potting soil.
- Moisten the potting soil and cover the pots with plastic wrap.
Varieties of Amla:
- Generally, Amla are large numbers of variteties like Banarasi, Chakaiya, Francis, NA-4, NA 5, NA 6, NA 7, NA 10 and BSR-1
- Amla is a tropical plant. Annual rainfall of 630-800 mm is ideal for its growth.
- The young plant up to the age of 3 years should be protect from hot wind during May-June and from frost during winter months.
- The mature plants can tolerate freezing temperature as well as a high temperature up to 46 C.
- In dry are s where mortality after transplanting is usually high the seedling root stock can be raise in situ at appropriate distance for budding with superior clone.
Suitable soil/Land Preparation:
- Amla is not exacting in its soil requirement and grows well in sandy loam to clay soils in India.
- It has a great tolerance to salinity and sodicity and cultivate in ph range of 6.0 to 8.0 very successful.
- However, production shall be highly benefited in deep and fertile soils.
- Light and medium heavy soils except purely sandy soil is ideal for amla cultivation.
- The tree is well adopted to dry regions and cn alo be grown in moderate alkaline soils.
Spacing Between Plants:
- The pits of 1 m are to be dug during May-june at a distance of 4.5 meters* 4.5 0eters s*ac5ng and sh643d be 3eft f6r 15-20 days exposing to sunlight.
- Each pit should be filled with surface soil mixed with 15 kg farm yard manure and 0.5 kg of phosphorus before lanting the budded seedling.
Fertilizers and Nutrition requirements:
- Regular orcharding of Anola is a rre phenomenon, therefore, nutritionist hardly practic.
- However, beneficial effect of nitrogen, phosphorus potash, zinc, copper, manganese and boron have been record.
- Nitrogen increase vegetative growth and female fkowers, while P205 incresed sex ratio,intial set, fruit retention and yield, TSS and Vitamin C cotent of the fruit.
- Potassic fertilizer increase the fruit retention and quality. The young plant should be given 15-20 kg FYM and the mature tree 30 to 40 kg per year during Sept- Oct.
- The plants need to be irrigate after fretillizer application.
- Amla trees are hardy and stand very well against drought.
- Therefore, hardly any irrigation is practice.
- The young plants require watering during summer, months at fortnightly intervals till they have fully establish.
- The crop shall be benefited by giving 2-3 irrigations at the time of MI bloom and set.
- Irrigations during Oct to Dec, at 20 days interval helps, in better development of fruits.
- During summer, when the fruit is dormant, there may not be any benefit to irrigate trees.
- Drip irrigation is best way of watering amla plants.
Disease in Amla farming:
- Major insect in amla farming is Bark Eating Caterpillar and Major disease is Rust.
Inter-cropping in Amla:
- Amla tree is quite fast growing type. However, in initial 3 to 4 years sufficient space is available which could be, advantageously use for raising inter-crops.
- Since due to dormancy of fruit, only scope of raising inter crop is in rainy season or in post monsoon period provide irrigation facilities are available.
- For this legumes and vegetables crops can be taken as an inter-crop.
- A veg. propagate tree starts fruiting commercial cop after 6-8 years of planting, while seedling trees may take 10 to 12 years to begin bearing.
- Productive life of trees is estimate to be 50 to 60 years under good management.
- Generally amla fruits are ready for harvest in November/December.
- The maturity can be judge either by the change of seed color from creamy white to black or by the development of translucence exocrap.
- The fruits are light green at first when they mature the colour becomes dull, greenish yellow or rarely brick red.
Yield of Amla:
- A mature tree of 10 years old will yield 50-70 kg of fruit.
- The average weight of the fruit is 60-70 grams and 1 kg contains about 15-20 fruits.
- A well maintain tree yields up to an age of 70 years.