10 Crossbreed Cows Dairy project

By | September 4, 2017

Dairy Farm Project Report for 10 Crossbreed Cows

Indigenous Dairy Bred/Cross-Breed cow Dairy Farm

  • Dairy Farming provides an excellent opportunity for self employment of unemployed youth. Also used source of income generation to small/marginal farmers and agricultural laborers.
  • The White revolution of 70’s had made spectacular land marks in Indian milk production scenario.
  • India is the largest milk producer of the world. The increasing cost of feed ingredients and its seasonal. Variability can be reduced by undertaking fodder cultivation.
  • Check the some points before Starting a dairy farm……
1.1      Availability of good quality dairy breed cows in nearby livestock market.
1.2      Nearness of the farm to veterinary Hospital, Artificial Insemination Center, MPCS.
1.3      Marketing facility of milk and milk product in the Locality. Availability of concentrates, fodder & medicine in the locality.


  • Before Starting a dairy farm the Farmers/ Entrepreneur
  • are advise to undergo training on dairy farming.
  • They can contact Local Animal Husbandry Department staffs/Veterinary College/ Agriculture University etc. for the Purpose.
  • Government subsidy available for these types of project- back end capital subsidy 25% for general category (33.33% fofor SC/ST beneficiaries) is available under government of India Scheme Dairy Enterpreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS.).
  • This project report is based on following assumption:
  • Freshly calved indigenous dairy breed/cross-bread cows like Redsindhi/Sahiwal/Gir/Rathi/Crossbred cows in 1st or 2nd lactation will be purchase in two batches of two animals each at an interval of 5 to 6 months.
  • Availability of 2 acre of irrigate  land is prerequisite for the project.
  • Cost of labor has not been taken into consideration since full time labor is not required for the small unit.
  • Fodder cultivation considered in 2 acre land, Two crops considered per year.
  • Family labor will be utilize for maintains of the dairy farm.
  • Cow dung produced will be utilized as Manure for fodder cultivation.
  • In case of death cow new cow will be purchased from insurance claim money.

Housing for cows

  • Floor:- Strong concrete cemented, impervious to moisture, and have slope 1 in 60 towards gutter. Plinth should be 2ft. higher than ground.
  • Walls:- 3ft. high lengthwise brick wall on sides, End wall should be soild made of bricks.
  • Roof:- 14-16ft. high at the center and 8ft. high on the side wall there should be hang over 3ft beyond wall to prevent rain water from entering cow shade. Roof should be asbestos, cement asbestos, or tile.





Type Of Animal CB. Cows
No of animals 10
Cost of one animal( including transportation and insurance) (Rs/-) 30,000
Average milk yield (liters/day) 12
Selling price of milk/lit (Rs/-) 13
Sale of manure/animal/year (Rs/-) 500
Culled value/ animal at the end of fifth lactation (Rs/-) 8,000
Veterinary aid /animal/year 750
Rate of interest (%) 12
Residual value of shed and equipment to be taken(yes/no) N0
Repayment period(years) 3
% Of net surplus towards repayment 80
Feeding Schedule:-
Lactation Period Dry Period &
Quantity(Kg) Cost Quantity(Kg) Cost
I. Concentrate Feed (Rs.10/Kg)
For milk (1 kg/3 litre) 4 40 0 0
For Maintenance+preg. 1 10 1.5 15
ii. Green Fodder 20 0 20 0
iii. Dry Fodder(Rs.3/Kg) 5 15 5 15
Particulars Cost (Rs.)
A. Capital Cost
Cost of Crossbred Cows including transport cost & Insurance cost (6 animals; Rs. 3,00,000
30,000 each)
Shed for adult animals (40 sq.ft/animal; Rs. 80/sq.ft) 48,000
Equipment cost 20,000
Cost for fodder cultivation(for 1 acre) 15,000
B. Working capital
Cost of Feeding first animal for one month 12,000
Total 3,95,000


Based on the Norms the funding for dairy unit was as follows
Total Project Cost 3,95,000
Margin Money (Borrower/company) 75,000
Bank Loan 3,20,000
Based on an inter-calving period of 400 days (280 lact.days + 120 dry days), the
lactation chart for the animal farm is given below.
Year I Batch II Batch Total
Lactation days Dry days Lactation days Dry days Lactation days Dry days
I 1250 575 720 0 1970 575
II 1400 425 1225 600 2625 1025
III 1400 425 1225 600 2625 1025
IV 1400 425 1225 600 2625 1025
V 1275 550 1225 600 2500 1150
Projected Profitability:-
Particulars I year II year III year IV year V year
By sale of Milk 3,35,400 4,09,500 4,09,500 4,09,500 3,90,000
By sale of Manure 3,750 5,000 5,000 5,000 5,000
Total 3,39,150 4,14,500 4,14,500 4,14,500 3,95,000
concentrated feed 1,01,250 1,41,500 1,41,500 1,41,500 1,36,500
Dry Fodder 40,875 54,750 54,750 54,750 54,750
On Veterinary Aid 5,625 7,500 7,500 7,500 7,500
Total 1,47,750 2,03,750 2,03,750 2,03,750 1,98,750
Net Income 1,91,400 2,10,750 2,10,750 2,10,750 1,96,250

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